Ancient Indian Civilizations Quiz

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30 Questions

What are the two kinds of pottery found in excavation sites?

Plain pottery and painted pottery

What colors are used in Red and Black pottery?

Red background with black designs

What are some themes depicted on the painted pottery?

Trees, birds, animal figures, and geometrical patterns

What were the materials used for making decorative potteries?

All wheel-made potteries

Which stone figure showcases the craftsmanship of the Indus Valley Civilization?

Bearded priest stone figure

What kind of clothing did women wear during the Indus Valley Civilization?

Short skirts

Which site is known as the 'Manchester of India' due to its high crop production?

Lothal

Who excavated Kalibangan in 1961?

BB Lal

What item was NOT found at the Harappan site excavated by Daya Ram Sahni?

Double cropping pattern

Where were children found with a head having a hole in the skull?

Harappan

Which archaeologist excavated Lothal?

SR Rao

In which river's banks is Kalibangan located?

Ghaggar River

Where did the Indus Valley Civilization extend to in the South?

Gulf of Khambhat

Which site marks the westmost point of the Indus Valley Civilization?

Sutkagendor

During which period did the Late Harappan phase occur?

BC 1900 - 1500

What is the chronological order of the Harappan phases from earliest to latest?

Pre-Harappan, Early Harappan, Mature Harappan, Late Harappan

Which civilization was connected through trade with the Indus Valley Civilization?

Pharaohs (Egypt)

Where did the Southernmost site of the Indus Valley Civilization exist?

Daimabad

What were women's ornaments made of in the Indus Valley Civilization?

Shells, gold, and silver

Which activity was commonly enjoyed by old people in the Indus Valley Civilization?

Gambling

What types of objects were used for trade by the people of the Indus Valley Civilization?

Seals and small objects

Which material was NOT commonly used in making beads by the people of the Indus Valley Civilization?

Leather

What was one of the reasons theorized for the fall of the Harappan civilization?

Massive flood to the Indus River

Which trade route is mentioned as being used by the people of the Harappan civilization?

Trading with Mesopotamia

Which river is Alamgirpur situated near?

Sabarmati River

What unique feature did Chanhudaro have among all Indus Valley cities?

A bangle factory

Which river is Rakhigarhi situated near?

Drishadvati River

Who excavated the site of Kot Diji?

Dr. Amarendra Nath

What type of objects were found at Rakhigarhi?

Copper and bronze objects

What was unique about Dholavira compared to other Indus Valley cities?

Stone constructions for houses and granaries

Study Notes

Indus Valley Civilization

  • Dates back to 2500 BC, the first modern civilization
  • Extended from Kabul in Afghanistan to the Gulf of Khambhat in Gujarat, India
  • Spanned across the Indus River, with sites found near coasts and rivers

Important Sites

  • Mohenjodaro, Harappa, Kalibangan, Kuchchh, Lothal, Alamgirpur, Dholavira, Chahnudaro, Kot Diji, Desalpur, and Surkotada

Chronology and Periodization

  • Pre-Harappan (7000 - 3500 BC)
  • Early Harappan (3500 - 2800 BC)
  • Mature Harappan (2800 - 1900 BC)
  • Late Harappan (1900 - 1500 BC)
  • Post Harappan/Vedic Age (1500 BC - 600 AD)

Significant Discoveries

  • Pashupati seal
  • Stone figure of a priest
  • Dancing girl bronze figure
  • Great bath
  • Granaries for storing grains
  • Terracotta figure of a Mother goddess
  • Bearded man
  • Cotton production

Site-Specific Findings

Mohenjodaro

  • Excavated by RD Banerji in 1922
  • Items found: Pashupati seal, stone figure of a priest, dancing girl bronze figure, great bath, granaries, terracotta figure of a Mother goddess, bearded man, cotton production

Harappa

  • Excavated by Daya Ram Sahni in 1921-1923
  • Items found: Graveyard, coffin burials, granaries with small quarters, children's skeletons with holes in their skulls

Kalibangan

  • Excavated by BB Lal in 1961
  • Items found: Priest quarters, fire pits, double cropping pattern, bronze bull

Lothal

  • Excavated by SR Rao in 1954
  • Items found: Twin burials, terracotta model of plough, Manchester of India (highest crop production)

Alamgirpur

  • Excavated by JP Joshi in 1967-68
  • Items found: Broken blade made of copper, ceramic items

Dholavira

  • Excavated by NG Majumdar in 1931
  • Items found: Stone constructions for houses and granaries, bangle factory, ink pot, bead makers' shop, footprint of a dog chasing a cat

Rakhigarhi

  • Excavated by Dr. Amarendra Nath in the 1960s
  • Items found: Stone tools and weapons, copper and bronze objects, terracotta figurines, seals and amulets

Kot Diji

  • Excavated in the Sindh region
  • Items found: Mother goddess statue, pottery

Pottery

  • Two kinds of pottery: plain and painted
  • Painted pottery (Red and Black pottery)
  • Themes: trees, birds, animals, geometrical patterns
  • Use: household, decorative, and pouring liquids

Figures and Symbols

  • Bearded priest stone figure
  • Pashupati seal
  • Dancing girl bronze figure
  • Great bath
  • Fire pits

Livelihood

  • Food: wheat, barley, pomegranates, bananas, meat, and fish
  • Costumes: wool and cotton, short skirts for women, long piece of cloth for men
  • Ornaments: shells, gold, silver, amulets
  • Amusements: small clay carts, dolls, rattles, marbles, whistles
  • Occupations: weaving, trading with the Persian Gulf and Sumerians, making beads and amulets, metalwork

Trade and Commerce

  • Trading with the Persian Gulf and Sumerians
  • Weights and measures found at Lothal dock
  • Traces of trading with Afghanistan for blue gemstones and Lapis Lazuli

Religion

  • Belief in gods and goddesses
  • Inscriptions of clay figures of mother-goddess and seated figures of male gods
  • Sacred symbols: Peepal Tree, Horned Bull, etc.

Fall of the Harappans

  • Predicted around 1500 BC
  • Theories: massive flood, arrival of Aryans

Test your knowledge on ancient Indian civilizations with questions about Indus Valley Civilization sites, archaeological findings, and historical facts. Explore topics like Dholavira in Kutch, cotton production, and river tributaries in the region.

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