Aqueous Humor

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34 Questions

Where is the aqueous humor produced?

Pars plicata of the ciliary body

Through which structure does the aqueous humor enter the anterior chamber?


Where does the aqueous humor exit the anterior chamber?

Periphery of the chamber

Which structure allows unconventional outflow of the aqueous humor?

Uveal meshwork

How is the aqueous humor absorbed in unconventional outflow?

Suprachoroidal space

In which region are Zonules located?

Canal of Hannover

Where is Retrozonular space located?

Behind the iris

What type of fibers are present in the cribriform layer connecting the inner wall endothelium of Schlemm's canal with the cornea?

Elastic-like fibers

Which structure separates the endothelial cell lining of the canal of Schlemm from the trabecular meshwork?

Juxtacanalicular connective tissue

What is the primary content of Schlemm's canal?

Aqueous humor

What type of cells line the lumen of Schlemm's canal?

Endothelial cells

Which type of microscope image is provided for the trabecular meshwork in the text?

Scanning electron microscope image

What is the function of the cribriform layer in the eye's drainage system?

Connecting Schlemm's canal with the inner wall endothelium

What is the main purpose of the juxtacanalicular connective tissue?

Separating the endothelial cell lining from the trabecular meshwork

What forms a thin, poorly defined connective tissue layer over the episclera?

Tenon's capsule

Where do scleral and corneal tissues merge within the limbal stroma?

Within the area of the limbal stroma

What is clearly seen in the wall of Schlemm's canal?

Sheets of trabecular meshwork

Which structure arises from the iris surface and joins the trabecular meshwork at the level of the anterior portion of the scleral spur?

Iris process

What is shown within the limbal stroma and consists of coarse, dense collagen fibers?

Scleral spur

Where do peripheral corneal arcades extend anteriorly to, based on the text?

To Bowman's layer

What forms a layer over the episclera and contains an epithelium and a loose connective tissue stroma?

Limbal conjunctiva

Where is the Scleral Spur located?

At the posterior edge of the internal scleral sulcus

What structures are part of the filtration apparatus in the anterior chamber angle?

Trabecular Meshwork and Schlemm's canal

What is the connection between the ciliary muscle tendons and elastic-like fiber plexus called?

Cribriform plexus

Which region shows the equatorial orientation in the network of elastic-like fibers?

Trabecular lamellas

Where do many trabecular sheets attach in relation to the Scleral Spur?

Anterior portion

What is mainly located in the region between the first and second subendothelial cell layers?

Cribriform plexus

What forms a plexus showing an equatorial orientation similar to the trabecular lamellas?

Elastic-like fibers of the cribriform region

Where does the remainder of the aqueous humor move within the eye?

Corneoscleral meshwork

What are the channels of transport for aqueous humor in the conventional outflow pathway?

Giant vacuoles

Which of the following plays the greatest role in aqueous humor outflow by passive diffusion?


In the schematic representation of the primate anterior ocular segment, what structure does the aqueous humor flow through after entering the anterior chamber?

Trabecular meshwork

Which part of the eye is responsible for forming the aqueous humor?

Ciliary processes

What is the function of giant vacuoles within Schlemm's canal endothelial cells?

Active transport of aqueous humor

Study Notes

Aqueous Humor Production and Flow

  • Aqueous humor is produced by the ciliary body
  • The aqueous humor enters the anterior chamber through the pupil
  • It exits the anterior chamber through the trabecular meshwork and Schlemm's canal

Trabecular Meshwork and Schlemm's Canal

  • The trabecular meshwork is a sponge-like structure that allows aqueous humor outflow
  • Schlemm's canal is a circular channel that receives aqueous humor from the trabecular meshwork
  • The cribriform layer connects the inner wall endothelium of Schlemm's canal with the cornea
  • The cribriform layer is composed of thin, dense collagen fibers
  • Schlemm's canal is lined with endothelial cells

Conventional and Unconventional Outflow

  • Conventional outflow occurs through the trabecular meshwork and Schlemm's canal
  • Unconventional outflow occurs through the juxtacanalicular connective tissue and the uveoscleral pathway
  • The juxtacanalicular connective tissue is a region that allows unconventional outflow
  • The uveoscleral pathway is a route for aqueous humor absorption

Anatomical Structures

  • Zonules are located in the region between the lens and the ciliary body
  • Retrozonular space is located between the lens and the vitreous body
  • The scleral spur is a region where many trabecular sheets attach
  • The limbus is the region where scleral and corneal tissues merge
  • The episclera is a layer of connective tissue that covers the sclera
  • Tenon's capsule is a layer that covers the episclera

Functions and Connections

  • The cribriform layer helps to absorb aqueous humor
  • The juxtacanalicular connective tissue is the main site for unconventional outflow
  • The connection between the ciliary muscle tendons and elastic-like fiber plexus is called the trabecular meshwork
  • The trabecular lamellas and elastic-like fibers form a network with an equatorial orientation

Explore the intricate connections of the ciliary muscle with the trabecular meshwork in the eye. Learn about the different types of muscle tendons, elastic-like fiber networks, and connecting fibrils that play crucial roles in maintaining eye function.

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