Anatomy and Physiology: Levels of Study and Organ Systems

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20 Questions

What is the study of the structure and shape of the body and its parts?

Anatomy

Which organ system forms the external body covering and helps regulate body temperature?

Integumentary

Which organ system produces movement, maintains posture, and produces heat?

Muscular

Which organ system is responsible for secreting regulatory hormones and is involved in growth, reproduction, and metabolism?

Endocrine

Which organ system transports materials in the body via blood pumped by the heart, such as oxygen, carbon dioxide, nutrients, and wastes?

Cardiovascular

Which organ system returns fluids to blood vessels, cleanses the blood, and is involved in immunity?

Lymphatic

Which organ system keeps blood supplied with oxygen and removes carbon dioxide?

Respiratory

Which organ system eliminates nitrogenous wastes, maintains acid-base balance, and regulates water and electrolytes?

Urinary

Which organ system produces offspring?

Reproductive

What is the study of how the body and its parts work or function?

Physiology

Which term refers to the maintenance of a stable internal environment?

Homeostasis

What is the function of the effector in the context of feedback mechanisms?

Provides a means for response to the stimulus

What is the main purpose of metabolism in the body?

Produces energy and makes body structures

Which body cavity houses the brain?

Cranial cavity

What is the primary function of excretion in the body?

Eliminates waste from metabolic reactions

Which directional term divides the body into left and right parts?

Sagittal section

What is the main role of receptor in maintaining homeostasis?

Responds to changes in the environment (stimuli)

Which term refers to the increase of the original stimulus to push the variable farther?

Positive feedback

What is the function of the control center in maintaining homeostasis?

Determines set point, analyzes information, and determines appropriate response

What is the function of nutrients in survival needs?

Includes carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, vitamins, and minerals

This quiz covers the levels of study in anatomy, including gross and microscopic anatomy, as well as the overview of organ systems like the integumentary system. Test your knowledge of the structure and function of the human body.

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