Anatomy and Physiology Basics Ch1

ElegantSuccess avatar
ElegantSuccess
·
·
Download

Start Quiz

Study Flashcards

68 Questions

What is the primary focus of anatomy?

Studying the form and structure of the body

How is physiology related to the human body?

It studies how the body functions

According to the principle of complementarity of structure and function, what does function always reflect?

Structure

Which theme of the course emphasizes the inter-relationship between environment and the body's response?

Adaptive nature of our bodies

What best defines homeostasis?

A dynamic state of equilibrium, always readjusting as needed

How does homeostasis contribute to the human body?

By maintaining relatively stable internal conditions despite continuous changes in environment

What is the main focus of studying anatomy?

Studying the form and structure of the body

According to the text, what does physiology examine?

'How' the body functions

What does homeostasis involve?

'Continuous adjustments' as needed from all organ systems

'Adaptive nature of our bodies' emphasizes which aspect?

'Inter-relationship between environment and body’s response'

What is homeostasis?

The maintenance of relatively stable internal conditions despite continuous changes in environment

What depends on specific form according to 'principle of complementarity of structure and function'?

What a structure can do

Who is considered the Father of Western medicine?

Hippocrates

During which time period was the study of anatomy outlawed?

Middle Ages

Who performed vivisections of criminals around the 2nd century B.C.?

Herophilus & Eristratus

Which Greek physician is known for separating disease from superstition?

Hippocrates

During which centuries were anatomists like celebrities and people paid to see dissections in large amphitheaters?

17th & 18th centuries

Which physician wrote 'the' anatomy text used for 1500 years after vivisecting pigs and primates?

Galen

What type of anatomy is the study of large, visible structures?

Gross or macroscopic anatomy

What type of plane passes through the body dividing it into left and right portions?

Midsagittal (or median) plane

What term describes an effect that affects both sides equally?

Bilateral

Which region forms the main vertical axis of the body?

Axial region

What is the term for a thin, double-layered membrane that lines the walls of the ventral body cavity and the outer surfaces of organs?

Serosa

Which condition causes roughening of pleurae or peritoneum and leads to organs sticking together and dragging across one another, causing pain?

A and D

What do we call the space between the parietal and visceral layers of serous membranes?

Serous cavity

Which system plays a major role in maintaining homeostasis by monitoring variables that can change, such as body temperature?

Nervous system

In homeostatic systems regulated by negative feedback, what is the resulting action in response to a stimulus?

Opposite to the stimulus

Which type of feedback occurs much less frequently than negative feedback and reinforces a stimulus to continue moving a variable in the same direction until a climactic event occurs?

Positive feedback

What is an example of an event that triggers positive feedback in the human body?

Blood clotting

What is an example of a homeostatic variable in the human body?

$CO_2$ levels in blood

What do we call factors that can change in the body, such as body temperature?

Variables

What is an example of a normal range for a homeostatic variable?

All of these

What is an example of a condition that arises due to homeostatic imbalance?

Diabetes

What did Hippocrates separate from superstition?

Disease

Who is considered the founder of anatomy?

Herophilus of Chalcedon

During which time period was the study of anatomy outlawed?

Middle Ages

Which physician wrote 'the' anatomy text used for 1500 years after vivisecting pigs and primates?

Galen

What was the primary focus during the Renaissance period?

Anatomical interest/knowledge reestablishment

Which anatomical study focuses on large, visible structures?

Gross or macroscopic anatomy

What did vivisections of criminals further?

Knowledge of anatomy

What was outlawed during the Middle Ages?

The study of anatomy

'Slices' of body called sections or planes are exposed by which type of slice?

'Transverse (or cross-sectional) plane'

'Midsagittal (or median) plane' divides the body into left and right portions. What is another term for this plane?

'Sagittal plane'

Which directional term describes being away from the midline, on the other side of?

Lateral

Which term describes a thin, double-layered membrane that lines the walls of the ventral body cavity and the outer surfaces of organs?

Serous membrane

What is the main focus of studying physiology?

Examining how the body functions

What does homeostasis involve?

Maintaining relatively stable internal conditions despite continuous changes in the environment

According to the principle of complementarity of structure and function, what does function always reflect?

The form and structure of the body

What term describes an effect that affects both sides equally?

Bilateral symmetry

Who is considered the Father of Western medicine?

Hippocrates

What is an example of a condition that arises due to homeostatic imbalance?

'Heart attack'

What depends on specific form according to the 'principle of complementarity of structure and function'?

'Function'

What do we call factors that can change in the body, such as body temperature?

'Homeostatic variables'

'Adaptive nature of our bodies' emphasizes which aspect?

'Inter-relationship between environment and body’s response'

'Anatomy' studies the form and structure of the body, whereas 'Physiology' examines ____________.

'How the body functions'

'Complementarity of Structure and Function' states that function always reflects ____________.

'Structure'

What is the term for the space between the parietal and visceral layers of serous membranes?

Serous cavity

Which directional term describes being away from the body's surface and towards the internal parts?

Deep

What is an example of an organ covered by the visceral serosa?

Heart

What occurs much less frequently than negative feedback and reinforces a stimulus to continue moving a variable in the same direction until a climactic event occurs?

Positive feedback

What is the main focus of studying anatomy as emphasized in the text?

Structure of the human body

Which anatomical study focuses on the study of large, visible structures?

Gross anatomy

What theme of the course emphasizes the inter-relationship between environment and the body's response?

Adaptive nature of our bodies

'Midsagittal (or median) plane' divides the body into left and right portions. What is another term for this plane?

'Sagittal plane'

'Slices' of the body called sections or planes are exposed by which type of slice?

'Transverse slice'

'Pleurisy' is an inflammation of which serous membrane in the thoracic cavity?

'Visceral pleura'

Which physician is considered the Father of Western medicine as mentioned in the text?

Hippocrates

What does diabetes serve as an example of as mentioned in the text?

Homeostatic imbalance

Get a grasp of the fundamental concepts of anatomy and physiology including the study of body form, structure, and function. This quiz covers the interrelation between form and function, anatomical terminology, and methods used in anatomy study.

Make Your Own Quizzes and Flashcards

Convert your notes into interactive study material.

Get started for free

More Quizzes Like This

Use Quizgecko on...
Browser
Browser