Appetite Chapter 11

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81 Questions

Why were there fewer disciplinary problems among U.S. Army troops stationed in Saudi Arabia during the Gulf War?

What is a major cause of premature deaths in Russia?

When did wine and beer originate?

Approximately what percentage of American adults have consumed alcohol in the past year?

What is the percentage of college students who had engaged in binge drinking in the past two weeks?

What is one of the leading causes of preventable death in the United States?

What is the estimated cost of alcohol consumption to the United States per year?

Which group has the highest rate of alcohol abuse?

What is a challenge in evaluating the effects of drinking alcohol?

What design is used to tease apart the actual effects of alcohol and the effects of alcohol expectancies?

What does the behavior of type C participants in the balanced-placebo design show?

Which of the following statements is supported by the findings mentioned in the text?

What do the findings suggest about tolerance to the effects of alcohol?

What is the main focus of the text?

Which theory relates to the concept of self-control and suggests that drinking increases the tendency to choose immediate rewards?

What part of the brain does alcohol inhibit, which is important for memory?

How does alcohol consumption affect memory even under some conditions?

What does the experiment conducted by psychologist Bob Remington and his colleagues suggest about tolerance to alcohol's effects?

What is one example of what we've learned from experiments using the balanced-placebo design?

What happens to the body's physiology after drinking alcohol?

What are some direct physiological effects of alcohol?

What did the experiment conducted by Margriet S. Westerterp-Plantenga and Christianne R. T. Verwegen suggest about alcohol consumption and eating?

What is one possible explanation for the development of tolerance to a specific drug?

What are the long-term effects of consuming several drinks each day?

Why do heroin addicts sometimes overdose when they take their usual doses of heroin in unfamiliar surroundings?

Which of the following is an example of how advertising can influence drinking behavior?

What is the reason behind rats learning to prefer flavors associated with low concentrations of alcohol?

What does the text suggest about the initial preference for the taste of bourbon?

What are some potential effects of long-term alcohol consumption on cognitive abilities?

Why do some people not experience weight gain when consuming large amounts of alcohol?

What is a potential consequence of cirrhosis of the liver in alcoholics?

What are some potential effects of long-term excess alcohol consumption on memory?

Which of the following personality traits is associated with alcoholism?

What factors may contribute to alcoholism besides genetics?

What effect does being with someone who drinks heavily have on an individual's drinking?

What did the experiment conducted by Donnie W. Watson and Mark B. Sobell show?

Which of the following is true about the genetic contributions to alcoholism?

What is one example of a genetically determined trait that influences alcohol consumption?

What does the research mentioned in the text suggest about the relationship between age and sensitivity to the rewarding effects of alcohol?

What have studies examining people with and without alcoholic relatives shown about the physiological traits or genes related to alcoholism?

Which of the following is a potential reason for the higher acetaldehyde levels in participants with alcoholic relatives compared to participants with nonalcoholic relatives?

What did the research conducted by Schuckit and Rayses reveal about the motor performance of sons of alcoholics compared to sons of nonalcoholics at age 20?

What brain wave deficiency has been observed in men and boys with alcoholic relatives during some visual tasks?

What do studies on twins and adoptees suggest about the role of genes in alcoholism?

According to the stress-relief theory mentioned in the text, why do some people drink more?

In the anecdote mentioned in the text, why did the author's father suggest having a drink?

Based on the text, what is one possible explanation for the inconsistent findings in laboratory investigations regarding the effects of drinking on stress relief?

Which type of treatment approach did Miller and his colleagues find some support for in their study?

What is a potential concern with using injected chemicals or mechanical methods to induce nausea in aversion therapy?

What is the extreme physical reaction that can occur when someone has taken Antabuse and then drinks alcohol?

What did the experiment conducted by psychologists Reid K. Hester and Harold D. Delaney provide behavioral self-control training through?

Which treatment did Miller and his colleagues find to be the most effective?

What is the goal of brief interventions?

Which treatment is based on the principles of taste aversion learning?

What is a potential challenge in using certain treatments with seriously debilitated alcoholics?

Which of the following is a potential reason for excessive drinking according to the text?

What does the text suggest about the relationship between alcohol availability and drinking behavior?

What conclusion can be drawn from the information in the text about the causes of alcoholism?

What is one potential consequence of cirrhosis of the liver in alcoholics?

According to the text, what is the most important factor for the success of an alcoholism treatment?

What is the goal of alcoholism treatment according to those who view alcoholism as a disease?

What client characteristics are associated with relatively more success in achieving controlled drinking as a treatment goal?

What does the text suggest about the severity of relapses in clients with a goal of abstinence compared to clients with a goal of controlled drinking?

What is the goal of the treatment for the participants in the study mentioned in the text?

Which treatment approach showed no positive effects in the study conducted by Miller and his colleagues?

What is the first step in the 12-step approach advocated by AA?

What did the experiment conducted by Barbara S. McCrady and her colleagues reveal about the effectiveness of AA participation?

What were the three types of treatment used in Project MATCH?

How long did each treatment in Project MATCH last?

Why weren't the clients in Project MATCH representative of most people who need treatment for alcohol abuse?

Which of the following is a factor that contributes to the continuation of drinking and its associated problems, despite the economic and health costs?

What is one reason why decreasing drinking is challenging, despite the huge economic and health costs of alcohol abuse?

What is the author's hope for books like the one mentioned in the text?

Which of the following drugs work by making the body less responsive to the positive effects of alcohol?

What percentage of college students under the age of 21 had consumed alcohol in the past year, according to a recent survey?

What is the goal of brief outpatient treatment for alcohol abuse, according to the text?

What is the potential consequence of cirrhosis of the liver in alcoholics?

What is one strategy suggested in the text for decreasing college student drinking?

What is one method mentioned in the text that college students use to ingest large amounts of alcohol?

What is one potential consequence of cirrhosis of the liver in alcoholics?

What does the text suggest about the alcohol lobby?

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Can You Spot the Fake Drink? Test your knowledge on distinguishing between alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages with this quiz. Challenge yourself to identify the real deal and discover how experimenters can deceive participants.

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