Administrative Theories: Understanding Organizational Management

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10 Questions

¿Cuál es el objetivo principal del Taylorismo?

Aumentar la eficiencia en los procesos laborales

¿Cuál teoría administrativa se enfocó en la estructura y organización de las burocracias?

Teoría Clásica

¿Quién desarrolló el Taylorismo en el siglo XX?

Frederick W. Taylor

¿Cuál de las siguientes teorías administrativas NO se menciona en el texto?

Teoría del Liderazgo

¿Cuál es el propósito principal de las teorías administrativas?

Aumentar la productividad y la eficiencia en las organizaciones

¿Cuál teoría administrativa se enfoca en la eficiencia y la optimización de los procesos?


¿Qué teoría administrativa se caracteriza por su enfoque en la estructura y la jerarquía en las organizaciones?

Teoría de la Burocracia

¿Cuál teoría administrativa se centra en la importancia de la comprensión de los aspectos sociales y psicológicos de la vida organizativa?

Teoría de las Relaciones Humanas

¿Qué teoría administrativa se enfoca en la adaptabilidad y la mejora continua en un entorno en constante cambio?

Teoría Contemporánea

¿Cuál es el nombre del sociólogo alemán que dio nombre a la Teoría de la Burocracia?

Max Weber

Study Notes

Administrative theories have played a significant role in shaping the way organizations are managed and governed. These theories provide frameworks for understanding the complexities of organizational life and offer guidance on how to improve organizational efficiency, effectiveness, and adaptability. In this article, we will discuss Taylorismo, Teoría Clásica, Teoría de las Relaciones Humanas, Teoría de la Burocracia, and Teoría Contemporánea, which are some of the most prominent administrative theories.


Taylorismo, also known as scientific management, was developed by Frederick W. Taylor in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The goal of Taylorism was to increase efficiency in work processes by breaking down tasks into their most basic components and studying the most efficient ways to perform each task. Taylor believed that by applying the principles of science to management, organizations could achieve significant improvements in productivity.

Teoría Clásica

Classical administrative theory, which emerged in the first half of the 20th century, was primarily concerned with the structure and organization of bureaucracies. This theory emphasized the need for clear lines of authority, formal rules, and efficient procedures to ensure that organizations functioned effectively and efficiently.

Teoría de las Relaciones Humanas

Human relations theory, also known as the "new" administrative theory, emerged in the mid-20th century as a response to the rigidity and inflexibility of classical administrative theory. This theory focused on the importance of understanding the social and psychological aspects of organizational life, emphasizing the need for leadership, motivation, and teamwork to create a more humane and effective work environment.

Teoría de la Burocracia

Bureaucratic theory, which is also known as Weberian theory, is named after the German sociologist Max Weber. Weber's work focused on the need for a clear division of labor, a hierarchy of authority, and impersonal relationships in organizations. This theory emphasizes the importance of maintaining a strict separation between an organization's formal structure and its informal social relationships.

Teoría Contemporánea

Contemporary administrative theory is characterized by its focus on the evolving nature of organizational life and the need for adaptability in a rapidly changing environment. This theory emphasizes the importance of continuous improvement, learning, and innovation in organizational processes and structures.

In conclusion, administrative theories have been instrumental in shaping our understanding of organizational management and governance. From Taylorism's focus on efficiency to classical administrative theory's emphasis on structure, human relations theory's recognition of the social and psychological aspects of work, bureaucratic theory's emphasis on formal structure, and contemporary administrative theory's focus on adaptability, these theories have provided valuable insights into the complexities of organizational life. As organizations continue to evolve and adapt to changing circumstances, administrative theories will continue to play a vital role in guiding their development.

Explore the evolution of administrative theories, from Taylorismo to Contemporary Theory, and learn how they shape organizational management and governance. This quiz covers the key concepts and principles of each theory, including their impact on organizational efficiency, effectiveness, and adaptability.

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