Acids, Bases, and Salts Quiz - Class 7 Chemistry Fundamentals

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10 Questions

What ions do acids release into water?

Hydrogen ions

What ions do bases release into water?

Hydroxide ions

What is the result when acids and bases react?

Salt and water

What is the pH of a neutral solution?

7

What color does red litmus paper turn in the presence of acids?

Red

What are the properties of acids?

  1. Sour taste due to the presence of hydrogen ions. 2. Turn red litmus paper red. 3. React with bases to form salts. 4. Release hydrogen gas upon reaction with metals.

List the properties of bases.

  1. Soapy feel. 2. Turn blue litmus paper blue. 3. Neutralize acids to form salts. 4. React with acids to release water and form salts.

What happens in a neutralization reaction?

When an acid reacts with a base, a salt and water are formed.

Give an example of a neutralization reaction.

When hydrochloric acid and sodium hydroxide are mixed, sodium chloride and water are produced.

How are salts formed?

Salts are formed from the neutralization of acids and bases.

Study Notes

Acids, Bases, and Salts in Class 7: A Journey Through Chemistry's Building Blocks

Acids and Their Properties

In Class 7, you'll learn that acids are substances that release hydrogen ions (H⁺) when dissolved in water. They have a sour taste and can turn red litmus paper red. Acids like citric acid, hydrochloric acid, and sulfuric acid play an essential role in everyday life, from cleaning to digestion.

Acids exhibit the following properties:

  1. Sour taste due to the presence of hydrogen ions.
  2. Turn red litmus paper red.
  3. React with bases to form salts.
  4. Release hydrogen gas upon reaction with metals.

Bases and Their Properties

Bases, on the other hand, are substances that release hydroxide ions (OH⁻) when dissolved in water. They have a soapy feel and taste bitter when dissolved. Sodium hydroxide, potassium hydroxide, and calcium hydroxide are common examples of bases.

Bases exhibit the following properties:

  1. Soapy feel.
  2. Turn blue litmus paper blue.
  3. Neutralize acids to form salts.
  4. React with acids to release water and form salts.

Neutralization Reactions

When an acid reacts with a base, a neutralization reaction occurs, forming a salt and water. For example, when hydrochloric acid and sodium hydroxide are mixed, sodium chloride and water are produced.

Common Salts

Salts are formed from the neutralization of acids and bases. Some common salts include sodium chloride (from hydrochloric acid and sodium hydroxide), sodium sulfate (from sulfuric acid and sodium hydroxide), and potassium nitrate (from nitric acid and potassium hydroxide).

Simplifying the Science

Think of acids as those substances that release hydrogen ions, making the water around them more acidic. Bases, in contrast, release hydroxide ions, making the water around them more basic. When acids and bases meet, they swap their ions and form a salt. The water that results from this reaction is neutral, neither acidic nor basic.

So remember, acids turn red litmus paper red, bases turn blue litmus paper blue, and their combination results in a salt and water. And don't forget that a pH of 7 indicates a neutral solution. did not provide scientific information relevant to the topics outlined above, so they were not utilized in the creation of this article.

Test your knowledge on acids, bases, and salts in Class 7 Chemistry, exploring properties and reactions of these essential building blocks. Learn about the sour taste of acids, the soapy feel of bases, and the formation of salts through neutralization reactions.

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