Mahatma Gandhi and Indian Independence Movement

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What was the main goal of Mahatma Gandhi?

What did Gandhi do to identify with India's rural poor?

When did Gandhi return to India?

Summary

  • Mahatma Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869 in coastal Gujarat, India.
  • He trained in law at the Inner Temple in London and was called to the bar at age 22.
  • After two uncertain years in India, Gandhi moved to South Africa in 1893 to represent an Indian merchant in a lawsuit.
  • Gandhi went on to live in South Africa for 21 years.
  • In 1915, aged 45, he returned to India and soon set about organizing peasants, farmers, and urban labourers to protest against excessive land-tax and discrimination.
  • Gandhi assumed leadership of the Indian National Congress in 1921 and led nationwide campaigns for easing poverty, expanding womens rights, building religious and ethnic amity, ending untouchability, and, above all, achieving swaraj or self-rule.
  • Gandhi adopted the short dhoti woven with hand-spun yarn as a mark of identification with Indias rural poor.
  • Gandhi began to live in a self-sufficient residential community, to eat simple food, and undertake long fasts as a means of both introspection and political protest.
  • In the months following, he undertook several hunger strikes to stop the religious violence.
  • The last of these, begun in Delhi on January 12, 1948, had the indirect goal of pressuring India to pay out some cash assets owed to Pakistan.

Mahatma Gandhi was a successful lawyer and anti-colonial nationalist who used nonviolent resistance to lead the successful campaign for Indias independence from British rule and to later inspire movements for civil rights and freedom across the world. His honorific Mahātmā (Sanskrit: great-souled, enerable), first applied to him in 1914 in South Africa, is now used throughout the world. Gandhi was born and raised in a Hindu family in coastal Gujarat, India. He trained in the law at the Inner Temple, London, and was called to the bar at age 22 in June 1891. After two uncertain years in India, where he was unable to start a successful law practice, he moved to South Africa in 1893 to represent an Indian merchant in a lawsuit. He went on to live in South Africa for 21 years. In 1915, aged 45, he returned to India and soon set about organizing peasants, farmers, and urban labourers to protest against excessive land-tax and discrimination. He assumed leadership of the Indian National Congress in 1921 and led nationwide campaigns for easing poverty, expanding womens rights, building religious and ethnic amity, ending untouchability, and, above all, achieving swaraj or self-rule. Gandhi adopted the short dhoti woven with hand-spun yarn as a mark of identification with Indias rural poor. He began to live in a self-sufficient residential community, to eat simple food, and undertake long fasts as a means of both introspection and political protest. In the months

Description

Test your knowledge about the life and contribution of Mahatma Gandhi, a lawyer and anti-colonial nationalist who used nonviolent resistance to lead India to independence from British rule. Learn about his work in South Africa, his leadership in the Indian National Congress, and his efforts to promote social justice and self-rule in India.

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