Account Class 12th: Understanding Share Capital Concepts

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अगर ABC कॉर्पोरेशन 5 लाख शेयर बेचता है, जिनका मूल्य Rs. 10 प्रति शेयर है, Rs. 90 प्रति शेयर पर, तो उनका paid-up capital क्या होगा?

रुपये 3,50,00,000

शेयरहोल्डर्स' Equity मे कौन-कौन से components शामिल होते हैं?

Retained earnings और Share capital दोनों

Paid-up capital का मतलब क्या है?

वह राशि जो कंपनी को प्राप्त होती है पर share capital की कीमत कम करने के बाद

'Share capital' किसकी महत्वपूर्ण हिस्सा है?

Shareholders' wealth position में

'Par value' taxation क्या है?

'Par value' shares का face value पर tax calculation

'Paid-up capital' और 'share capital' के बीच में difference क्या है?

'Share capital' सभी shareholders' equity में include होता है, 'paid-up capital' सिर्फ paid amounts

शेयर कैपिटल क्या है?

किसी कंपनी के कुल संपत्ति का हिस्सा जिसमें शेयर जारी करके जुटाए गए फंड होते हैं

सामान्य स्टॉक में प्राथमिकता क्या है?

शेयर पर मतदान की प्राथमिकता

प्रिफर्ड स्टॉक क्या प्रदान करता हॄ?

स्थिर वापसी

कंपनियाँ शेयरों की मूल्य में 'पार' मूल्य कैसे गणना करती है?

नोमनल मूल्‍य/संपत्ति मूल्‍य

'सह' शेयरों का मुनाफा किसे प्राप्‍त होता है?

'सह' शेयर होल्‍डर

'प्रि‌्ि' स्टा‌्‌कहोल्‌्‌‌‌‌्‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌ों का 'प्रि‌्ि' 'सह' 'सह' 'सह'


Study Notes

Account Class 12th: Understanding Share Capital

In your journey through accountancy, you'll explore various financial aspects of businesses, including their share structure and equity investments. In this article, we delve into one such vital concept – share capital – when studying accounts related to Class 12th.

Share capital is the portion of a company’s total assets consisting of funds raised from issuing shares. These shares represent ownership stakes in the firm and can come with voting rights, profit distributions, or both depending upon their type. In simpler terms, it refers to the money collected by a corporation from its investors to finance its operations.

Understanding share capital begins with learning about different types of shares. Common stocks are the most common variety, granting equal voting rights per share and dividends based on the number of outstanding shares held. Preferred stock, conversely, offers fixed returns independent of profits, usually in the form of annual cash payments or priority over other classes during liquidations. Both have distinct benefits for their holders and contribute to the overall composition of share capital.

A key aspect of share capital is how companies calculate the par value of shares. This is essentially the nominal value assigned to each share and establishes the minimum purchase price when they get issued. Although not common today, some corporations still follow this practice, helping them raise more significant amounts via initial public offerings (IPOs) while also adhering to legal requirements regarding share capital['Par Value Taxation']. However, many countries have abolished par values, making all new issues zero-par.

The relationship between share capital and paid-up capital is essential in understanding these concepts better. Paid-up capital equals the amount actually received by a company after selling shares minus the issue expenses. For example, if ABC Corporation sells 5 lakh shares with a face value of Rs. 10 at Rs. 90 apiece, their paid-up capital would be:

[Paid\text{-}Up\ Capital = Shares \times Face\ Value - Issue Expenses] [= 500,000 \times 10 - X]

Where (X) represents the costs of underwriting charges, brokerage fees, etc., which need to be deducted from the proceeds before calculating paid-up capital.

Finally, note that shareholders' equity, another crucial component of accounting statements, encompasses both retained earnings and share capital. Therefore, any changes in either affect the shareholder's wealth position within the business. To summarize, share capital forms a fundamental part of corporate finance and provides valuable insights into various aspects of a company's activities and growth potential.

Learn about share capital, types of shares, par value calculations, and the relationship between share capital and paid-up capital in this article focusing on Class 12th accountancy studies.

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