10th Social Science Geography Chapter 1 India: Location, Relief and Drainage Quiz

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10 Questions

Which is the southernmost point of India?

Indira Point

What is the north-south extent of India?


What is the extent of the Himalayas in the east-west direction?

2,500 km

Which river is known as the 'Sorrow of Bihar'?


What is the area covered by the Deccan Plateau?

7 lakh sq.km

What separates India from Sri Lanka?

Palk Strait and Gulf of Mannar

What is the highest peak in South India?


Where is Pulicat Lake located between?

Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh

Why are the Himalayas called young fold mountains?

They have been formed only few million years ago and were formed because of the folding of the Earth crust due to tectonic activity.

Why are North Indian Rivers perennial?

They have water throughout the year, receiving water from rain and melted snow from the lofty mountains.

Study Notes

Geography of India

  • India's southernmost point is Kanyakumari.
  • The north-south extent of India is approximately 3,200 km (2,000 miles).
  • The Himalayas stretch for over 2,500 km (1,553 miles) in the east-west direction.
  • The Kosi River is known as the 'Sorrow of Bihar' due to its frequent floods.
  • The Deccan Plateau covers an area of around 1 million km² (386,000 sq mi).
  • The Gulf of Mannar and the Palk Strait separate India from Sri Lanka.
  • Anamudi, located in the Western Ghats, is the highest peak in South India, with an elevation of 2,695 meters (8,842 ft).
  • Pulicat Lake is situated between the states of Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu.
  • The Himalayas are called young fold mountains because of their recent origin and ongoing geological activity.
  • North Indian rivers are perennial due to their ability to retain water throughout the year, supported by the melting of snow from the Himalayas.

Prepare for your Tamilnadu State Board 10th Social Science exam with this quiz covering Chapter 1 on India's location, relief, and drainage. Revise the key concepts and test your understanding to score high marks in the board exams.

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