Instructional Design Models and Theories
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Instructional Design Models and Theories

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Questions and Answers

What is the primary focus of the problem-centred approach in instruction?

Engaging learners at the problem and task levels

According to Merrill's principles of instruction, what is the purpose of including demonstrations?

To activate existing knowledge

What is the primary goal of tapping into learners' existing knowledge and experiences in instructional design?

To make tasks more engaging and authentic

What is the relationship between the complexity of the problem and the scaffolding of learning in the problem-centred approach?

<p>The complexity of the problem increases as scaffolding increases</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the primary benefit of supporting integration into the real world in instructional design?

<p>It increases the transfer of learning to real-world situations</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the main purpose of an instructional design model?

<p>To organize pedagogical scenarios</p> Signup and view all the answers

According to Driscoll and Carliner, what does the design process and product represent?

<p>A framework of thinking</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the role of the instructor in the problem-centred approach?

<p>To provide guidance and support as needed</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the Cone of Experience, according to Edgar Dale?

<p>A visual analogy of the learning process</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the focus of the 8M's of teaching?

<p>Effective instruction</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following is an example of direct experience, according to Edgar Dale's Cone of Experience?

<p>Participating in a simulation</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the main difference between direct experience and contrived experience, according to Edgar Dale's Cone of Experience?

<p>Level of realism</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the primary purpose of informing students of the objectives or outcomes for the course and individual lessons?

<p>To help students understand what they are expected to learn and do</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following is an example of helping students make sense of new information by relating it to something they already know?

<p>Asking questions about previous learning experiences</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the main focus of the instructional design principle of stimulation?

<p>Providing novelty, uncertainty, and surprise to students</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following is an example of active learning?

<p>Participating in a group discussion on a course topic</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the primary purpose of presenting multiple versions of the same content?

<p>To accommodate different learning styles</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following is an example of incorporating prior learning into current activities?

<p>Relating new information to prior learning experiences</p> Signup and view all the answers

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