Classical Conditioning: Acquisition, Extinction, and Spontaneous Recovery
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Classical Conditioning: Acquisition, Extinction, and Spontaneous Recovery

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Questions and Answers

What is the phenomenon where a learned response reappears after extinction has occurred?

Spontaneous recovery

What is the term for the original stimulus that naturally and automatically triggers a response?

Unconditioned stimulus

What is the process by which a conditioned response is eliminated?

Extinction

What is the term for the response that is naturally and automatically triggered by an unconditioned stimulus?

<p>Unconditioned response</p> Signup and view all the answers

What occurs when an organism learns to respond to a stimulus that is similar to the original conditioned stimulus?

<p>Stimulus generalization</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the term for the tendency of an organism to not make a generalized response to a stimulus that is similar to the original conditioned stimulus?

<p>Stimulus discrimination</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the characteristic of a fixed interval schedule of reinforcement?

<p>The interval of time that must pass before reinforcement becomes possible is always the same.</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the primary effect of punishment on behavior?

<p>It decreases the probability of the behavior.</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the main difference between a fixed ratio schedule and a variable ratio schedule of reinforcement?

<p>The number of responses required for reinforcement is always the same in a fixed ratio schedule.</p> Signup and view all the answers

Why might punishment be ineffective in changing behavior?

<p>It might cause avoidance of the punisher instead of the behavior being punished.</p> Signup and view all the answers

How should punishment be used to be effective in changing behavior?

<p>Punishment should immediately follow the behavior and be consistent.</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the consequence of punishment on the individual?

<p>It creates fear and anxiety.</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the primary focus of the memory system?

<p>Meaning</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is an example of an unconditioned stimulus in classical conditioning?

<p>Food in mouth</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the term for the tendency to remember events in a way that fits our expectations?

<p>Expectancy bias</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the process by which a neutral stimulus becomes associated with an unconditioned stimulus and acquires the power to elicit a similar response?

<p>Classical conditioning</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the term for a learned, reflex-like response to a conditioned stimulus?

<p>Conditioned response</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the process of the disappearance or weakening of a learned response following the removal or absence of the unconditioned stimulus?

<p>Extinction</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the term for the natural, involuntary response to an unconditioned stimulus?

<p>Unconditioned response</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the primary difference between classical conditioning and operant conditioning?

<p>Association between stimulus and response</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the term for the natural, involuntary stimulus that leads to an unconditioned response?

<p>Unconditioned stimulus</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the process of repeatedly pairing a neutral stimulus with an unconditioned stimulus to produce a learned response?

<p>Acquisition</p> Signup and view all the answers

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