Advanced Surgical Technology and Instruments Quiz

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38 Questions

What is the unique advantage of robotic surgery in minimally invasive procedures?

Reduced risk of complications

Which type of surgery minimizes or eliminates abdominal wall trauma but poses challenges to ergonomics and surgical wound healing?

Single-incision laparoscopic surgery

In minimally invasive surgery, what is minimized without compromising the quality of the surgical procedure?

Access trauma

What is the main drawback of robotic surgery in minimally invasive procedures?

Increased risk of complications

Which type of surgery uses CO2 for insufflation in laparoscopy and results in unique pathophysiologic consequences?

Robotic-assisted surgery

What type of surgery is showcased in the text?

Laparoscopic surgery

What is the main feature of Single Incision Laparoscopic Surgery (SILS)?

Curved instruments to avoid conflict

Which energy source is NOT mentioned in the text for use in surgery?

X-ray

What type of instruments are used in Robotic assisted surgery?

Articulated instruments

Which type of imaging technology is NOT mentioned in the text?

Thermal imaging

What type of imaging technology is mentioned in the context of robotic-assisted surgery?

NIR Fluorescent imaging

Which energy source is NOT mentioned as being utilized in robotic-assisted surgery?

X-ray radiation

What is the purpose of the specialized port with multiple channels in Single Incision Laparoscopic Surgery (SILS)?

To provide access for various instruments through a single incision

In the context of robotic-assisted surgery, what is the role of articulated instruments?

To enhance precision and dexterity of robotic arms

What distinguishes Endoscopic Surgery from Laparoscopic Surgery in the context of robotic-assisted procedures?

Utilization of flexible endoscopes

What is the main distinguishing feature of Normal Orifice Translumenal Surgery (NOTES)?

Performance of the operation through a hole created in the visceral wall

When was the robotic-assisted surgery first applied to urologic, gynecologic, colorectal surgery, and complex abdominal wall reconstruction?

In 2001

What was one of the concerns associated with robotic-assisted surgery according to the text?

Increased procedure cost

Which surgical procedure involves the introduction of an endoscope through normal orifices like mouth, anus, or vagina?

Normal Orifice Translumenal Surgery (NOTES)

What was the primary purpose behind creating Robotic Assisted Surgery?

To perform tele-surgery

What is the main purpose of the trans-Atlantic operation (Lindberg procedure) mentioned in the text?

To conduct remote surgery between the United States and Europe

What are some areas where the trans-Atlantic operation (Lindberg procedure) has been applied?

Urologic, gynecologic, colorectal surgery, and complex abdominal wall reconstruction

What is a potential downside associated with the trans-Atlantic operation (Lindberg procedure)?

Increased procedure cost

How does the NOTES differ from trans-Atlantic operation (Lindberg procedure) NOTES in terms of access to the peritoneal cavity?

Introduces an endoscope through normal body orifices to reach the peritoneal cavity

Which surgical technique was created by the American army for tele-surgery?

Trans-Atlantic operation (Lindberg procedure)

What is the main focus of Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS)?

Optimizing the patient's condition before surgery and promoting early recovery after major surgery

What does hybrid surgery involve?

Combining various surgical techniques such as laparoscopy, endoscopy, and ultrasound imaging

What are the goals of Image Guided Surgery & Augmented Reality in Surgery?

To employ multiple imaging modalities and 3D modeling for better surgical guidance

What is one of the outcomes of Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) for gastric surgery?

Lower cost and reduced stress response (CRP, IL-6, TNF-a)

What does Comprehensive Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) cover?

All areas of the patient’s journey including preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative care pathways

What is the main feature of robotic-assisted surgery?

Surgery with the use of telemanipulated mechanical arms

What is the specific purpose of hybrid surgery?

Combining two or more different surgical techniques

What distinguishes minimally invasive surgery from minimally access surgery?

Use of small incisions + less trauma during the surgery

What is the specific characteristic of normal orifice translumenal surgery (NOTES)?

Operation performed through a natural orifice

What effect does pneumoperitoneum have on intraoperative conditions?

Rapid stretch of peritoneal membrane

What distinguishes image-guided surgery from laparoscopy?

Surgery under the guidance of radiological images

What is the main impact of gas-specific effects during pneumoperitoneum?

CO2 absorption in circulation

What is the main technique of creating pneumoperitoneum in laparoscopy?

Veress needle technique

Study Notes

Minimally Invasive Surgery

  • Robotic surgery offers unique advantages in minimally invasive procedures, including improved ergonomics and surgical wound healing.
  • Minimally invasive surgery minimizes tissue trauma and scarring without compromising the quality of the surgical procedure.

Types of Surgery

  • Laparoscopic surgery minimizes or eliminates abdominal wall trauma but poses challenges to ergonomics and surgical wound healing.
  • Robotic-assisted surgery uses CO2 for insufflation in laparoscopy and results in unique pathophysiologic consequences.
  • Single Incision Laparoscopic Surgery (SILS) is a type of minimally invasive surgery that uses a specialized port with multiple channels.
  • Normal Orifice Translumenal Surgery (NOTES) involves the introduction of an endoscope through normal orifices like mouth, anus, or vagina.

Robotic-Assisted Surgery

  • Robotic-assisted surgery uses articulated instruments to improve ergonomics and surgical wound healing.
  • The main feature of robotic-assisted surgery is the use of robotic systems to assist in surgical procedures.
  • The primary purpose behind creating Robotic Assisted Surgery was to improve surgical outcomes and reduce complications.

Energy Sources and Imaging Technology

  • Energy sources used in surgery include ultrasonic, electrocautery, and laser.
  • Imaging technology used in robotic-assisted surgery includes fluorescence imaging.
  • X-ray imaging technology is not mentioned in the text.

History of Robotic-Assisted Surgery

  • Robotic-assisted surgery was first applied to urologic, gynecologic, colorectal surgery, and complex abdominal wall reconstruction in the 1990s.
  • One of the concerns associated with robotic-assisted surgery is the high cost of the equipment.

Trans-Atlantic Operation (Lindberg Procedure)

  • The trans-Atlantic operation (Lindberg procedure) involves remote surgery performed by a surgeon located in a different location.
  • The primary purpose of the trans-Atlantic operation is to enable remote surgery and improve access to surgical care.
  • The trans-Atlantic operation has been applied in areas such as urologic, gynecologic, and colorectal surgery.
  • A potential downside associated with the trans-Atlantic operation is the risk of communication errors and delays.

Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS)

  • Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) is a protocol that aims to improve postoperative outcomes and reduce complications.
  • The main focus of Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) is on optimizing perioperative care to reduce complications and improve recovery.
  • One of the outcomes of Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) for gastric surgery is a reduction in hospital stay and readmission rates.
  • Comprehensive Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) covers all aspects of perioperative care, including preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative care.

Hybrid Surgery and Image Guided Surgery

  • Hybrid surgery involves the combination of open and minimally invasive surgical techniques.
  • The specific purpose of hybrid surgery is to offer the benefits of both open and minimally invasive surgery.
  • Image Guided Surgery & Augmented Reality in Surgery aim to improve accuracy and reduce complications by using real-time imaging and augmented reality.
  • The goals of Image Guided Surgery & Augmented Reality in Surgery include improved accuracy, reduced complications, and improved patient outcomes.

Other Key Facts

  • Minimally access surgery is a type of surgery that minimizes tissue trauma and scarring without compromising the quality of the surgical procedure.
  • Normal orifice translumenal surgery (NOTES) is distinguished by its use of natural orifices for access to the peritoneal cavity.
  • Pneumoperitoneum has a significant impact on intraoperative conditions, including respiratory and cardiovascular function.
  • Gas-specific effects during pneumoperitoneum can have significant effects on intraoperative conditions, including respiratory and cardiovascular function.
  • The main technique of creating pneumoperitoneum in laparoscopy is insufflation with CO2.

Test your knowledge of advanced surgical technology and instruments with this quiz. Learn about imaging, augmented reality, robotic assisted surgery, and energy sources such as electrocoagulation, laser, ultrasound, and radio frequency/microwave.

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