ABO Blood Groups and Agglutination Quiz

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17 Questions

What is the main function of red blood cells?

Transporting oxygen from lungs to tissues

Which blood component acts as a buffer and helps regulate hydrogen ion concentration?

Red blood cells

What is the unique feature of the Rh factor in red blood cells?

Affects pregnancy in Rh-negative individuals

Which type of leukocyte is NOT a granular leukocyte?

Lymphocytes

What is the shape of red blood cells that allows them to pass through capillaries easily?

Biconcave disc

What is the main characteristic of Type A blood in the ABO blood group system?

Presence of only antigen A

In the Rh blood group system, what is the universal donor type?

Type O Rh-negative blood

What happens if a particular agglutinogen is present in the RBCs according to Landsteiner law?

Corresponding agglutinin in the serum is absent

Which of the following is an example of a blood group not based on A or B antigens?

Diego group

Which blood type is considered the universal recipient in the ABO blood group system?

Type AB

What is the characteristic of Type O blood in terms of antigens?

Absence of both antigens A and B

What is the main characteristic of erythroblastosis fetalis?

Agglutination of fetus's red blood cells

Which antigens are part of the Rhesus blood group system?

C, D, E

Which antigens are more antigenic in the Rhesus blood group system?

Rh D

What happens in erythroblastosis fetalis when the mother is Rh negative and the father is Rh positive?

Baby inherits Rh-positive antigen from the father

What happens when bloods are mismatched so that anti-A plasma agglutinins are mixed with red blood cells containing A agglutinogens?

Red cells agglutinate

What happens when Rhesus agglutinins are mixed with red blood cells containing Rh antigens?

Red cells agglutinate

Test your knowledge on ABO blood groups and the process of agglutination in blood typing. Learn how antigens and agglutinogens on red blood cells interact with different antisera. Understand the significance of blood type matching in transfusion reactions.

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