Blood Groups and Compatibility Lab
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Blood Groups and Compatibility Lab

Created by
@WonderfulGold

Questions and Answers

What is the defining characteristic of blood type AB in the ABO blood group system?

Presence of both A and B antigens on RBCs

Which blood type has both anti-A and anti-B antibodies in the plasma?

Blood type O

Why is blood type O referred to as the universal donor?

It lacks antigens on RBCs

What happens if a rhesus negative mother has a rhesus positive newborn baby?

<p>The mother's immune system may produce anti-rhesus antibodies.</p> Signup and view all the answers

In the ABO blood group system, which blood type is considered the universal recipient?

<p>Blood type AB</p> Signup and view all the answers

How can hemolytic disease of the newborn be prevented in subsequent pregnancies?

<p>By administering Anti-D antibodies (RhoGam) to the mother within 72 hours after delivery.</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the purpose of the procedure involving adding antiserum to blood drops on a slide?

<p>To observe agglutination.</p> Signup and view all the answers

Why is it crucial for Rh-negative mothers to receive Anti-D antibodies after delivery?

<p>To prevent the baby from developing hemolytic disease.</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the consequence of not treating a rhesus negative mother carrying a rhesus positive baby?

<p>The baby may develop hemolytic disease.</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the role of Rh antigens in the context of blood groups?

<p>They help determine blood group compatibility.</p> Signup and view all the answers

The purpose of this lab is to help you to understand the ABO blood group system, and its importance in blood ______

<p>transfusion</p> Signup and view all the answers

All human blood contains erythrocytes, leukocytes, and thrombocytes (platelet), but not all blood is the ______

<p>same</p> Signup and view all the answers

Incompatibilities of blood are due to the presence of antigens on the membrane surface of red blood ______

<p>cells</p> Signup and view all the answers

ABO blood group system groups your blood into one of four ______: Group A, Group B, Group AB, and Group O

<p>categories</p> Signup and view all the answers

If the mother is rhesus ______, and the newborn baby is rhesus ______, then the mother's immune system may produce anti- rhesus antibodies.

<p>negative</p> Signup and view all the answers

This disease can be prevented by the administration of Anti-D antibodies (RhoGam) to the mother within ______ hours after delivery.

<p>72</p> Signup and view all the answers

Get a clean slide, and 3 ______.

<p>toothpicks</p> Signup and view all the answers

Clean the fingertip with 70% alcohol (usually a ring or ______ finger).

<p>middle</p> Signup and view all the answers

Add one drop of antiserum into each cavity as ______ below.

<p>shown</p> Signup and view all the answers

Observe agglutination in the form of fine red granules within ______ seconds.

<p>30</p> Signup and view all the answers

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