What will be the output? int n = 5, factorial = 1; for(int i = n; i > 1; i) { factorial *= i; } printf("%d", factorial);
Understand the Problem
The question is asking for the output of a given C program that calculates the factorial of the number 5 using a loop. We need to determine the final value of 'factorial' after the loop executes.
Answer
$120$
Answer for screen readers
The final answer is $120$.
Steps to Solve
 Initialize Variables We start with two variables:
 $n = 5$
 $factorial = 1$.

Set Up the Loop The forloop is initiated with
for(int i = n; i > 1; i)
. This means the loop begins with $i = 5$ and will continue until $i$ is greater than 1. 
Calculate Factorial In each iteration of the loop, we multiply
factorial
by $i$:
 Iteration 1: $i = 5$, so $factorial = factorial \times 5 = 1 \times 5 = 5$.
 Iteration 2: $i = 4$, so $factorial = factorial \times 4 = 5 \times 4 = 20$.
 Iteration 3: $i = 3$, so $factorial = factorial \times 3 = 20 \times 3 = 60$.
 Iteration 4: $i = 2$, so $factorial = factorial \times 2 = 60 \times 2 = 120$.
At the end of the loop, $factorial$ will hold the value of 120.

Print the Result
Finally, we print the value of
factorial
which now equals $120$.
The final answer is $120$.
More Information
This program calculates the factorial of 5, which is the product of all positive integers up to that number. The factorial of 5 is commonly denoted as $5!$ and is equal to $5 \times 4 \times 3 \times 2 \times 1 = 120$.
Tips
 Incorrect Loop Logic: Some might mistakenly set the loop to go from $1$ to $n$, which would not correctly calculate the factorial.

Starting Factorial Value: Forgetting to initialize
factorial
to $1$ can lead to incorrect results, as any number multiplied by $0$ is $0$.