Water-Soluble vs. Fat-Soluble Vitamins

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8 Questions

Which type of vitamins may require protein carriers for transportation in the body?

Retinoids

Which type of vitamins are not readily excreted in urine and remain in the body for a long period?

Fat-soluble vitamins

Which type of vitamins are absorbed directly into the blood and not stored in the body?

Water-soluble vitamins

From which type of foods are carotenoids derived?

Plant foods

Which type of vitamins are essential for vision, reproduction, growth, and maintenance of epithelial tissues?

Retinoids

Which of the following minerals is required in a dose greater than 100 mg/day?

Calcium

Which mineral is considered a macro-mineral and plays a significant role in bone health?

Phosphorus

Among the listed minerals, which one is classified as a micro-mineral or trace element?

Iron

Study Notes

Vitamin Transportation

  • Fat-soluble vitamins require protein carriers for transportation in the body.

Vitamin Excretion

  • Fat-soluble vitamins are not readily excreted in urine and remain in the body for a long period.
  • Water-soluble vitamins are absorbed directly into the blood and not stored in the body.

Carotenoids

  • Carotenoids are derived from plants, specifically yellow, orange, and dark green vegetables and fruits.

Vitamin Functions

  • Vitamin A is essential for vision, reproduction, growth, and maintenance of epithelial tissues.

Mineral Requirements

  • Calcium is required in a dose greater than 100 mg/day.

Macro-Minerals

  • Calcium is a macro-mineral that plays a significant role in bone health.

Micro-Minerals

  • Iron is classified as a micro-mineral or trace element.

Test your knowledge about the classification and differences between water-soluble and fat-soluble vitamins. Learn about their absorption, transportation, storage, and toxicity levels.

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