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Respiratory Diseases Pathophysiology and Clinical Features Quiz

Test your knowledge of respiratory diseases by learning about the pathophysiology, aetiology, and clinical features of conditions such as asthma. Understand the definition, causes, and symptoms of respiratory illnesses.

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@SpiritualIrrational
1/14
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Questions and Answers

Which condition may present with chest pain that is exacerbated with deep inspiration or cough?

Congestive heart failure

What is the major cause of transudative pleural effusion?

Hepatic hydrothorax

What is a common symptom of pneumonia?

Rapid breathing

What is the main cause of silicosis?

<p>Exposure to silica dust</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following is not a major cause of exudative pleural effusion?

<p>Peritoneal dialysis</p> Signup and view all the answers

What causes hypersensitive pneumonitis?

<p>Exposure to specific substances triggering an allergic reaction</p> Signup and view all the answers

Who is most at risk for Valley fever?

<p>Farmers</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which occupation puts individuals at risk for asbestosis?

<p>Construction workers</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the major pathologic/structural change associated with asthma?

<p>Smooth muscle constriction of bronchial airways (bronchospasm)</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which cells proliferate and cause enlargement of the bronchial mucous glands in asthma?

<p>Goblet cells</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the defining characteristic of asthma?

<p>Variable airflow limitation and airway hyperresponsiveness</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which type of asthma occurs in the absence of an antigen-antibody reaction?

<p>Extrinsic/Nonallergic/Nonatopic asthma</p> Signup and view all the answers

What happens to the airways in asthma as a result of chronic inflammation over time?

<p>They become narrower and lose airway caliber (airway remodeling process)</p> Signup and view all the answers

What happens to the basement membrane of the bronchial mucosa in asthma?

<p>It becomes thicker than normal</p> Signup and view all the answers

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