Research Methods: Population and Sampling

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30 Questions

What is the primary goal of non-naturalistic observation?

To create an ideal environment for research

What is the main difference between closed-ended and open-ended questionnaires?

The format of the answers

What is the primary purpose of using closed-ended questionnaires?

To gather statistical data

What is the role of the researcher in a focus group discussion?

To facilitate the discussion as a moderator

What type of questionnaire combines both closed-ended and open-ended questions?

Combination questionnaire

What is the main advantage of using questionnaires in research?

They are easy to administer and cost-effective

What is the primary role of a researcher in a qualitative research discussion?

To take note of the participants' discussions

What is a code in qualitative inquiry?

A word or phrase that symbolically defines a attribute of the data

What is the main difference between a pattern and a theme?

A pattern is something that happens in a regular and repeated way, while a theme is a category or cluster of similar ideas

What is the purpose of thematic analysis in qualitative research?

To generate codes and categories from the data

What is the main goal of concluding a qualitative research study?

To develop a comprehensive explanation to the research question

What is the role of a research conclusion?

To provide a comprehensive explanation to the research question

What is one of the purposes of a conclusion in a written work?

To provide a final impression to the readers

What does a conclusion in qualitative research typically drawn from?

Patterns and themes extracted from real-life experiences

What is a characteristic of conclusions according to vanManen's point of view?

They can be illustrated in literary works such as poems, quotes, and songs

What is the primary purpose of a conclusion in relation to the research question?

To answer the specific research questions raised at the beginning of the investigation

What is an example of a theme that may emerge from a qualitative research study?

Challenges in comprehension

What is the nature of conclusions in qualitative research?

Inferences, deductions, and abstractions

What is the term for the complete group of people, animals, or objects with the same characteristics that the research needs?

Population

What type of sampling involves asking relevant people if they know someone who will be willing to participate in your research?

Snowball Sampling

What is the term for the process of choosing a sample?

Sampling

What type of sampling involves selecting people that are readily available?

Opportunistic Sampling

What is the term for the point at which the data no longer provides new insights or information?

Data Saturation Point

What is a characteristic of convenience sampling?

Selecting respondents based on convenience

What is one way to lessen the negative effects of reading problems on academic success and well-being?

Using programs to improve self-esteem and academic performance

Why is it important to make students who are having trouble reading feel valued and supported in school?

To build their confidence and strength to deal with reading problems

What is a key component of a complete plan to address reading problems?

Teamwork between teachers, families, and support services

What is the goal of Project PAG-ASA (Promoting Academic Growth through Strategic Reading Interventions) in the context of SV1INHS?

To provide assistance in reading intervention

Why is it important for teachers to have professional development opportunities related to reading problems?

So they can learn more about reading problems and how to teach them effectively

What is the ultimate goal of implementing these suggestions at Southville 1 Integrated National High School?

To make the school a better place to learn so that students who are having trouble reading can do better in school and in life

Study Notes

Research Methodology

  • Population: the complete group of people, animals, or objects with the same characteristics that the research needs.
  • Sample: a group of individuals that represent the population.
  • Sampling: the process of choosing a sample.

Types of Sampling

  • Snowball sampling: asking relevant people if they know someone who will be willing to participate in the research.
  • Opportunistic sampling: selecting respondents who are readily available.
  • Convenience sampling: selecting people that are the most convenient for the researcher.

Data Collection Instruments

  • Questionnaires: used to collect data from respondents, can be closed-ended, open-ended, or a combination of both.
  • Focus Group Discussion (FGD): a data gathering instrument that involves groups of people being interviewed at the same time.

Focus Group Discussion

  • Involves a moderator or facilitator leading a discussion among respondents.
  • Respondents discuss questions provided by the researcher.

Thematic Analysis

  • Code: a word or phrase that symbolically defines a summative attribute for a portion of language-based or visual data.
  • Pattern: something that happens in a regular and repeated way.
  • Theme: generated when similar issues and ideas expressed by participants are brought together by the researcher into a single category or cluster.

Concluding Qualitative Research

  • Requires the researcher to recall the problem statement, objectives, results, and findings of the analysis.
  • Aims to integrate them to come up with a comprehensive, logical, and smart answer to the research question.
  • Conclusions are inferences, deductions, abstractions, implications, interpretations, general statements, and/or generalizations based on the findings.

Understand the basics of research methods, including the difference between population and sample, and various sampling techniques such as snowball sampling and crowd sourcing.

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