Research Methods: Population and Sampling
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Research Methods: Population and Sampling

Understand the basics of research methods, including the difference between population and sample, and various sampling techniques such as snowball sampling and crowd sourcing.

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@PreEminentChlorine

Questions and Answers

What is the primary goal of non-naturalistic observation?

To create an ideal environment for research

What is the main difference between closed-ended and open-ended questionnaires?

The format of the answers

What is the primary purpose of using closed-ended questionnaires?

To gather statistical data

What is the role of the researcher in a focus group discussion?

<p>To facilitate the discussion as a moderator</p> Signup and view all the answers

What type of questionnaire combines both closed-ended and open-ended questions?

<p>Combination questionnaire</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the main advantage of using questionnaires in research?

<p>They are easy to administer and cost-effective</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the primary role of a researcher in a qualitative research discussion?

<p>To take note of the participants' discussions</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a code in qualitative inquiry?

<p>A word or phrase that symbolically defines a attribute of the data</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the main difference between a pattern and a theme?

<p>A pattern is something that happens in a regular and repeated way, while a theme is a category or cluster of similar ideas</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the purpose of thematic analysis in qualitative research?

<p>To generate codes and categories from the data</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the main goal of concluding a qualitative research study?

<p>To develop a comprehensive explanation to the research question</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the role of a research conclusion?

<p>To provide a comprehensive explanation to the research question</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is one of the purposes of a conclusion in a written work?

<p>To provide a final impression to the readers</p> Signup and view all the answers

What does a conclusion in qualitative research typically drawn from?

<p>Patterns and themes extracted from real-life experiences</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a characteristic of conclusions according to vanManen's point of view?

<p>They can be illustrated in literary works such as poems, quotes, and songs</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the primary purpose of a conclusion in relation to the research question?

<p>To answer the specific research questions raised at the beginning of the investigation</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is an example of a theme that may emerge from a qualitative research study?

<p>Challenges in comprehension</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the nature of conclusions in qualitative research?

<p>Inferences, deductions, and abstractions</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the term for the complete group of people, animals, or objects with the same characteristics that the research needs?

<p>Population</p> Signup and view all the answers

What type of sampling involves asking relevant people if they know someone who will be willing to participate in your research?

<p>Snowball Sampling</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the term for the process of choosing a sample?

<p>Sampling</p> Signup and view all the answers

What type of sampling involves selecting people that are readily available?

<p>Opportunistic Sampling</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the term for the point at which the data no longer provides new insights or information?

<p>Data Saturation Point</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a characteristic of convenience sampling?

<p>Selecting respondents based on convenience</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is one way to lessen the negative effects of reading problems on academic success and well-being?

<p>Using programs to improve self-esteem and academic performance</p> Signup and view all the answers

Why is it important to make students who are having trouble reading feel valued and supported in school?

<p>To build their confidence and strength to deal with reading problems</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a key component of a complete plan to address reading problems?

<p>Teamwork between teachers, families, and support services</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the goal of Project PAG-ASA (Promoting Academic Growth through Strategic Reading Interventions) in the context of SV1INHS?

<p>To provide assistance in reading intervention</p> Signup and view all the answers

Why is it important for teachers to have professional development opportunities related to reading problems?

<p>So they can learn more about reading problems and how to teach them effectively</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the ultimate goal of implementing these suggestions at Southville 1 Integrated National High School?

<p>To make the school a better place to learn so that students who are having trouble reading can do better in school and in life</p> Signup and view all the answers

Study Notes

Research Methodology

  • Population: the complete group of people, animals, or objects with the same characteristics that the research needs.
  • Sample: a group of individuals that represent the population.
  • Sampling: the process of choosing a sample.

Types of Sampling

  • Snowball sampling: asking relevant people if they know someone who will be willing to participate in the research.
  • Opportunistic sampling: selecting respondents who are readily available.
  • Convenience sampling: selecting people that are the most convenient for the researcher.

Data Collection Instruments

  • Questionnaires: used to collect data from respondents, can be closed-ended, open-ended, or a combination of both.
  • Focus Group Discussion (FGD): a data gathering instrument that involves groups of people being interviewed at the same time.

Focus Group Discussion

  • Involves a moderator or facilitator leading a discussion among respondents.
  • Respondents discuss questions provided by the researcher.

Thematic Analysis

  • Code: a word or phrase that symbolically defines a summative attribute for a portion of language-based or visual data.
  • Pattern: something that happens in a regular and repeated way.
  • Theme: generated when similar issues and ideas expressed by participants are brought together by the researcher into a single category or cluster.

Concluding Qualitative Research

  • Requires the researcher to recall the problem statement, objectives, results, and findings of the analysis.
  • Aims to integrate them to come up with a comprehensive, logical, and smart answer to the research question.
  • Conclusions are inferences, deductions, abstractions, implications, interpretations, general statements, and/or generalizations based on the findings.

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