Pharmacology Exam 1: GERD and Peptic Ulcer Disease Takeaways

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What is the mechanism of action of H2 blockers like famotidine and ranitidine?

Inhibit histamine and gastric acid secretion

Which medication is considered the drug of choice for erosive esophagitis for a duration of 8 weeks?

Omeprazole

What are the concerns associated with prolonged use of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs)?

Pneumonia, C.diff, and B12 deficiencies

Which medication is known for causing a disulfiram reaction when combined with alcohol?

Metronidazole (Flagyl)

What is the main function of antacids?

Convert acid into salt and water, working immediately

Which medication is the only over-the-counter option for nausea that can be used for up to an hour?

Emetrol

Which class of medications works by blocking dopamine and has a warning against intravenous administration for one of its members?

Phenothiazines

"Aprepitant" and "Fosaprepitant" are examples of which class of medications used to treat chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting?

Substance P/Neurokinin 1 receptor antagonists

"Witch Hazel" and "Phenylephrine" are used for which condition?

Hemorrhoids

"Hydrocortisone" is used for which condition?

Hemorrhoids

This quiz covers key takeaways for GERD treatment including H2 blockers and PPIs, as well as the 3-drug regimen for peptic ulcer disease. Topics include medication names, mechanisms of action, and potential side effects.

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