Montreal Protocol and Ozone Layer Depletion
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Montreal Protocol and Ozone Layer Depletion

This quiz assesses your understanding of the Montreal Protocol, its targets, and India's achievements in reducing ozone-depleting substances. It also covers the effects of the Mt. Pinatubo eruption on the ozone layer.

Created by
@CalmMatrix

Questions and Answers

What was the impact of the 1991 Mt. Pinatubo eruption in the Philippines on the ozone layer?

It potentially led to significant ozone loss in the stratosphere

What is the timeframe for India to completely phase out the use of HCFCs in new equipment manufacturing?

By December 2024

What is the goal of the Montreal Protocol?

To eliminate the production and use of Ozone Depleting Substances

What is the significance of the Kigali Amendment to the Montreal Protocol?

<p>It phases out the production and consumption of HFCs</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the target year for India to achieve an 80% reduction in HFCs consumption according to the Kigali Amendment?

<p>2047</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the significance of the date September 16th?

<p>It is World Ozone Day, commemorating the signing of the Montreal Protocol</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the Indian government's plan to reduce cooling demand and enhance energy efficiency?

<p>India Cooling Action Plan (ICAP)</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the current status of the implementation of the HFCs Phase-out Management Plan (HPMP) in India?

<p>It is currently under implementation from 2017 to 2024</p> Signup and view all the answers

Study Notes

Montreal Protocol and Ozone Layer Depletion

  • The 1991 eruption of Mt. Pinatubo in the Philippines led to significant ozone loss in the stratosphere.

India's Achievement under Montreal Protocol

  • India surpassed the Montreal Protocol targets, reducing HCFC (Hydrochlorofluorocarbons) by 44% from the 2020 baseline, exceeding the 35% phase-out goal.
  • Eliminated HCFC 141b, used as a blowing agent in rigid polyurethane foam production.
  • Will completely phase out HCFC use in new equipment manufacturing by December 2024, ahead of the Montreal Protocol schedule (2030).

Other Achievements of India

  • Phased out CFC, Carbon tetrachloride, Halons, and other controlled uses.
  • Implementing HFCs Phase-out Management Plan (HPMP) Stage- II from 2017 to 2024.
  • India Cooling Action Plan (ICAP) aims to reduce cooling demand, refrigerant transition, enhance energy efficiency, and adopt better technology options by 2037-38.

Montreal Protocol (1987)

  • Implemented under the Vienna Convention (adopted in 1985).
  • A global environmental treaty to eliminate Ozone Depleting Substances (ODS) production and use.
  • World Ozone Day is celebrated on September 16th each year to commemorate its signing.

Kigali Amendment to Montreal Protocol

  • Adopted in 2016 and entered into force in 2019.
  • Aims to phase down production and consumption of Hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), non-ODS alternatives to CFCs and HCFCs.
  • Divides nations into three groups with a four-step path to achieve 80% reduction in HFCs consumption by 2047.

India and Montreal Protocol

  • Became a Party to the Vienna Convention in 1991 and the Montreal Protocol in 1992.
  • Implementing agency: Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEF&CC).
  • Ratified the Kigali Amendment in 2021, committing to complete its phase down of HFCs in four steps from 2032 onwards.

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