T1 MT2: Learning and Memory (NS)

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30 Questions

Which type of memory is used when trying to recall the number of windows in your house by mentally walking from room to room?

Declarative memory

What evidence supports the idea that declarative and nondeclarative memory use distinct circuits?

Studies using lesion studies

Which brain structure is associated with the formation of declarative memories?

Hippocampus

Which brain structure is associated with the formation of procedural memories?

Striatum

What is the name of the famous amnesic patient who had temporal lobe damage and exhibited a dissociation between declarative and procedural memory?

H.M.

What is working memory?

A temporary form of information storage

Where in the brain have neural correlates of working memory been observed?

Cerebral cortex

Which type of memory is conscious and pertains to facts?

Declarative memory

Which type of memory is unconscious and pertains to skills and habits?

Procedural memory

Which brain structure is associated with the formation of long-term memories?

Cerebral cortex

Which of the following is true about hippocampal lesions?

They cause a deficit in working memory

How can you test if a neuron is involved in storing long-term memories?

All of the above

How can you determine if a neuron in visual cortex is involved in perception or memory?

By observing the response pattern of the neuron after repeated presentations of faces

What is being tested when a patient is asked to repeat a phrase after a few minutes?

Recent memory

What is the likely outcome of bilateral lesions in the hippocampal formation?

Loss of short-term memory

What deficit is caused by lesions of the prefrontal cortex?

Deficit in working memory

How many groups were the active areas in the frontal lobe separated into in the fMRI study of working memory?

Three

What can be done to test the hypothesis that a neuron is involved in storing long-term memories?

All of the above

What is the likely outcome of applying a molecule that temporarily disables a neuron involved in storing long-term memories?

Loss of short-term memory

What can be inferred if the response properties of a neuron in visual cortex change with repeated presentations of faces?

The neuron is involved in both perception and memory

Which of the following is NOT a neurodegenerative disease?

Motor Neuron Disease

Which of the following statement about benzodiazepines is NOT true?

Their binding decreases the receptor affinity for GABA

In Alzheimer's disease, which neurotransmitter is diminished by the loss of large cells in the basal nucleus of Meynert?

Acetylcholine

Physostigmine, Donepezil, Rivastigmine, and Galantamine share a common mechanism of action. What is it?

They inhibit Acetylcholinesterase

Which of the following statements IS true about Acetylcholine?

There exist both metabotropic and ionotropic Acetylcholine receptors

Which of the following is NOT a symptom of Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome?

Dementia

Which of the following is a possible side effect of benzodiazepines in high doses?

Anterograde amnesia

Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of transient global amnesia?

Neurological exam is normal

Which of the following is NOT a feature of Alzheimer's disease?

Forgetfulness and memory loss

Which of the following is NOT a treatment for Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome?

Antipsychotic medication

Test your knowledge on memory and recall with this quiz! Discover whether you are using declarative memory, procedural memory, or both when trying to recall the number of windows in your house. Challenge yourself and learn more about how memory functions in this engaging quiz.

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