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combining forms for the body's systems

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axill/o =

armpit

cervic/o =

neck

immun/o =

protection

inguin/o =

groin

lymph/o =

lymph

splen/o =

spleen

thym/o =

thymus gland

tonsill/o =

tonsils

tox/o =

poison

aden/o =

gland

the combining form of adenoid/o =

adenoid

calc/I =

calcium

dips/o =

thirst

gluc/o =

sugar

gonad/o =

ovaries and testes

hormon/o =

hormone

ket/o =

ketone bodies

myx/o =

mucus

oestr/o =

female

aort/o =

aorta

arter/o ; arteri/o =

artery

ather/o =

fatty plaque

Brachi/o =

arm

cardi/o ; coron/o =

heart

cyan/o =

blue

haemangi/o =

blood vessels

isch/o =

to hold back

the combining form of man/o =

pressure

my/o =

muscle

ox/o =

oxygen

bucc/o =

cheek

caec/o =

caecum

cheil/o =

lips

cholangi/o =

bile duct

cholecyst/o =

common bile duct

cirrh/o =

orange/yellow

col/o =

colon

an/o =

anus

cerebell/o =

cerebellum

cerebr/o =

cerebrum/brain

dur/o =

dura mater

encephal/o =

brain

the combining form of mening/o =

membranes, menings

myel/o =

spinal cord

neur/o =

nerve

tax/o =

order, coordination

kinesi/o =

kinesi/o = movement, motion

cutane/o; Dermat/o; epitheli/o; derm/i

skin

hepat/o

liver

pneum/o; pulmon/o

lungs

cauter/o

heat, burn

erythem/o

redness

leuk/o

white

lip/o

fat

melan/o

black

Albin/o

white

blephar/o

eyelid

conjunctiv/o

conjunctiva

cor/o

pupil

corne/o

cornea

ir/i; iris/o

iris

ocul/o; opthalm/o

eye

phac/o

lens

audi/o

hearing

aur/o

ear

myring/o

eardrum

salping/o

Eustachian tube

thypan/o

tympanic membrane

hallucin/o

hallucination

hypn/o

sleep

latr/o

treatment

psych/o

mind

schiz/o

split

anxi/o

uneasy, anxious

cycl/o

circle, recurring

calic/o

calyx

cyst/o

urinary bladder

lith/o

stone

meat/o

meatus

py/o

pus

urin/o; ur/o

urea, urine

ureter/o

ureter, urethra

amni/o

amnion, amniotic fluid

cephal/o

head

cyes/i

pregnancy

embry/o

fetus

nat/i

birth

obstetr/o

midwife

part/o

bear, give birth to

pelv/i

pelvis

colp/o

vigina

marmm/o

breast

men/o

menses, menstruation

o/o

egg, ovum

oophor/o; ovari/o

ovary

prostat/o

prostate gland

scrot/o

serotum

semmin/i

semen, seed

spermat/o

sperm

test/i; test/o

testis

cac/o

ill, unpleasant, bad

cancer/o; carcin/o

cancer

chem/o

chemical

cry/o

cold

fibr/o

fibres

mut/a

genetic change

onc/o

tumour

plas/o

formation

astr/o

star

kerat/o

hard, horny tissue

onych/o

nail

radi/o

x-ray, radius

bacteri/o

bacteria

path/o

disease

septic/o

infection

vir/o

virus

ot/o

ear

nephr/o

kidney

balan/o

glans penis

phall/o; pen/i

penis

Study Notes

Systems-Related Combining Forms

  • axill/o: relates to the armpit
  • cervic/o: relates to the neck
  • immun/o: relates to protection
  • inguin/o: relates to the groin
  • lymph/o: relates to lymph
  • splenn/o: relates to the spleen
  • thym/o: relates to the thymus gland
  • tonsill/o: relates to the tonsils
  • tox/o: relates to poison

Gland-Related Combining Forms

  • aden/o: relates to a gland
  • adenoid/o: relates to an adenoid
  • gonad/o: relates to ovaries and testes
  • hormon/o: relates to a hormone

Body Part-Related Combining Forms

  • aort/o: relates to the aorta
  • arter/o and arteri/o: relate to an artery
  • ather/o: relates to fatty plaque
  • Brachi/o: relates to the arm
  • cardi/o and coron/o: relate to the heart
  • cyan/o: relates to the color blue
  • haemangi/o: relates to blood vessels
  • isch/o: means to hold back
  • man/o: relates to pressure
  • my/o: relates to muscle
  • ox/o: relates to oxygen

Digestive System-Related Combining Forms

  • bucc/o: relates to the cheek
  • caec/o: relates to the caecum
  • cheil/o: relates to the lips
  • cholangi/o: relates to the bile duct
  • cholecyst/o: relates to the common bile duct
  • cirrh/o: relates to the color orange/yellow
  • col/o: relates to the colon
  • an/o: relates to the anus

Nervous System-Related Combining Forms

  • cerebell/o: relates to the cerebellum
  • cerebr/o: relates to the cerebrum/brain
  • dur/o: relates to the dura mater
  • encephal/o: relates to the brain
  • mening/o: relates to the membranes, meninges
  • myel/o: relates to the spinal cord
  • neur/o: relates to the nerve
  • tax/o: relates to order, coordination
  • kinesi/o: relates to movement, motion

Test your knowledge of medical terminology with this quiz on word roots and prefixes, including axill, cervic, immun, and many more. Learn to identify and understand the meanings of these prefixes and roots in medical terminology. Improve your skills in medical language and vocabulary.

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