Medical Terminology: Blood Flow and Circulation
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Medical Terminology: Blood Flow and Circulation

Test your knowledge of medical terms related to blood flow, circulation, and vascular conditions. Learn about hyperemia, thrombosis, embolus, and more!

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@UnabashedHeptagon

Questions and Answers

What is the term for a blockage of a blood vessel by a traveling blood clot or foreign material?

Embolism

What is the term for the death and decay of tissue due to a lack of blood supply?

Gangrene

What is the term for an abnormal accumulation of fluid in tissues, causing swelling?

Edema

What is the term for the formation of a blood clot in a blood vessel?

<p>Thrombosis</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the term for the reduction of blood supply to tissues, often leading to damage?

<p>Ischemia</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the term for bleeding from blood vessels?

<p>Hemorrhage</p> Signup and view all the answers

Study Notes

Blood Circulation and Blood Flow

  • Hyperemia: Increased blood flow to a specific area of the body, resulting in increased oxygenation and nutrient delivery.

Blood Clots and Blockages

  • Thrombosis: Formation of a blood clot in a blood vessel, which can impede blood flow.
  • Embolus: A traveling blood clot or foreign material that can obstruct a blood vessel.
  • Embolism: Blockage of a blood vessel by an embolus, potentially leading to tissue damage.
  • Ischemia: Reduced blood supply to tissues, often leading to tissue damage or infarction.

Tissue Damage and Death

  • Infarction: Tissue death due to blocked blood flow, resulting in tissue necrosis.
  • Gangrene: Death and decay of tissue due to lack of blood supply, often leading to amputation.

Fluid Accumulation and Bleeding

  • Edema: Abnormal accumulation of fluid in tissues, causing swelling and potentially leading to tissue damage.
  • Hemorrhage: Bleeding from blood vessels, which can lead to hypovolemic shock.
  • Epistaxis: Nosebleed, often due to trauma or vascular malformations.
  • Hemoptysis: Coughing up blood from the respiratory tract, often indicative of respiratory disease.
  • Hematemesis: Vomiting blood from the gastrointestinal tract, often indicative of gastrointestinal disease.

Accumulation of Blood

  • Hemothorax: Accumulation of blood in the chest cavity, often due to trauma or surgical complications.
  • Hemopericardium: Accumulation of blood in the pericardial sac, often due to cardiac trauma or disease.
  • Hemoperitoneum: Accumulation of blood in the abdominal cavity, often due to trauma or surgical complications.
  • Hematocele: Accumulation of blood in a body cavity or sac, often due to trauma or surgical complications.
  • Hemoarthrosis: Presence of blood in a joint cavity, often due to trauma or joint disease.

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