# Master the Art of Problem-Solving

Quizgecko
·
·

Start Quiz

Study Flashcards

## 9 Questions

### What is problem-solving?

The process of achieving a goal by overcoming obstacles

### What are the two major domains of problem-solving?

Mathematical and personal problem-solving

### What are the common steps in the problem-solving cycle?

Recognizing the problem, defining it, developing a strategy to fix it, organizing knowledge and resources available, monitoring progress, and evaluating the effectiveness of the solution

### What is insight in problem-solving?

The sudden aha! solution to a problem, the birth of a new idea to simplify a complex situation

### What are some common barriers to problem-solving?

Confirmation bias, mental set, functional fixedness, unnecessary constraints, and irrelevant information

### What are some problem-solving strategies?

Trial and error, algorithm, heuristics, and insight

### What are some problem-solving methods?

Brainstorming, lateral thinking, and root cause analysis

### What is crowdsourcing?

A process of accumulating ideas, thoughts, or information from many independent participants to find the best solution for a given challenge

### What is collaborative problem-solving?

A process that can promote critical thinking skills, problem-solving skills, social skills, and self-esteem

## Study Notes

Approaches to Problem Solving

• Problem solving is the process of achieving a goal by overcoming obstacles.

• Problems can be simple or complex, well-defined or ill-defined, formal or socio-emotional.

• Solutions require sufficient resources and knowledge to attain the goal.

• Specialized problem-solving techniques and methods exist in various fields such as engineering, business, medicine, mathematics, computer science, philosophy, and social organization.

• Mental techniques to identify, analyze, and solve problems are studied in psychology and cognitive sciences.

• Problem-solving has two major domains: mathematical and personal problem-solving.

• Common steps in the problem-solving cycle include recognizing the problem, defining it, developing a strategy to fix it, organizing knowledge and resources available, monitoring progress, and evaluating the effectiveness of the solution.

• Insight is the sudden aha! solution to a problem, the birth of a new idea to simplify a complex situation.

• Common barriers to problem-solving are mental constructs that impede an efficient search for solutions, including confirmation bias, mental set, functional fixedness, unnecessary constraints, and irrelevant information.

• Problem-solving strategies include trial and error, algorithm, heuristics, and insight.

• Problem-solving methods include brainstorming, lateral thinking, and root cause analysis.

• Unnecessary constraints are arbitrary boundaries imposed unconsciously on the task at hand, which foreclose a productive avenue of solution.Understanding Problem Solving: Cognitive Biases and Dreaming

• Fixation on only one type of solution can occur due to mental set.

• Mentally invented constraints can impede problem-solving, as demonstrated by the dot problem.

• Irrelevant information in a problem can make it harder to solve.

• Problem representation can affect problem-solving, as demonstrated by the Buddhist monk problem.

• People tend to overlook subtractive changes when solving problems.

• Problem-solving can occur during dreaming.

• Researchers in cognitive science have different approaches to studying problem-solving, with North American research focusing on natural knowledge domains and European research focusing on novel, complex problems.

• Complex problem-solving involves one or more obstacles at a time.

• Collective problem-solving can be performed by groups and is necessary for solving social and global issues.

• Collaborative problem-solving can promote critical thinking skills, problem-solving skills, social skills, and self-esteem.

• Crowdsourcing is a process of accumulating ideas, thoughts, or information from many independent participants to find the best solution for a given challenge.

Are you a problem-solving pro or do you struggle to find solutions? Test your knowledge and learn about different approaches to problem-solving with our quiz. From identifying and defining the problem to evaluating the effectiveness of the solution, this quiz covers the common steps in the problem-solving cycle. Plus, you'll discover mental techniques, common barriers, and problem-solving strategies to help you tackle any challenge. Whether you're a student, professional, or just looking to improve your problem-solving skills, this quiz is for you

## Make Your Own Quizzes and Flashcards

Convert your notes into interactive study material.

## More Quizzes Like This

4 questions
5 questions
10 questions
12 questions
Use Quizgecko on...
Browser
Information:
Success:
Error: