Maps and Political Formations in the Eighteenth Century Subcontinent

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37 Questions

What significant change occurred in the subcontinent during the first half of the eighteenth century?

The emergence of a number of independent kingdoms

When did the political conditions in eighteenth-century India change quite dramatically?

After the death of Aurangzeb in 1707

What is depicted in Map 2 from the mid-eighteenth century?

British territories in the mid-eighteenth century

What is the significance of the third battle of Panipat in 1761?

It marked a turning point in the political landscape of eighteenth-century India

What caused the crises faced by the Mughal Empire towards the closing years of the seventeenth century?

A variety of factors

What significant event is associated with the year 1707 in relation to Indian history?

The death of Aurangzeb

During Aurangzeb's reign, which group challenged Mughal authority for the longest time?

Provincial governors

What was a significant consequence of the breakdown of the efficiency of the imperial administration?

Increase in peasant rebellions

What contributed to the shifting of political and economic authority into the hands of provincial governors and local chieftains?

Control over revenue and military administration

What was the impact of Nadir Shah's invasion on the Mughal Empire?

Plundering and devastation of Delhi

What led to the financial bankruptcy of the Mughal Empire?

Inability to collect taxes

What did the local chieftains attempt to do during the period of Mughal decline?

Consolidate their own positions

What caused the lords to be impoverished despite their peasants raising two crops a year?

Collapse of all order and administration

What did the rulers after Aurangzeb fail to arrest?

Gradual shifting of political and economic authority

What was a consequence of the breakdown of all order and administration?

Inability to keep an armed force or pay soldiers

What was a significant impact of Ahmad Shah Abdali's raids on north India?

Plundering raids causing further devastation

During which period did the emergence of new political groups in the subcontinent take place?

Between 1707 and the third battle of Panipat in 1761

What significant territories did the British successfully seize by 1765 in India?

Territories in eastern India

What led to the reshaping of the boundaries of the Mughal Empire by the emergence of independent kingdoms?

The death of Aurangzeb in 1707

What event signified the height of success for the Mughal Empire?

The emergence of new political groups in the subcontinent

What contributed to the financial bankruptcies faced by the Mughal Empire towards the closing years of the seventeenth century?

Efficiency breakdown of the imperial administration

What caused major chunks of territory in eastern India to be seized by the British by 1765?

The emergence of a number of independent kingdoms

During Aurangzeb's reign, which group challenged Mughal authority for the longest time?

Provincial governors (subadars)

What was the impact of Nadir Shah's invasion on the Mughal Empire?

Devastation and plunder

What was a significant consequence of the breakdown of the efficiency of the imperial administration?

Challenges from provincial governors

What contributed to the financial bankruptcies faced by the Mughal Empire towards the closing years of the seventeenth century?

Peasant revolts due to mounting taxes

What did the rulers after Aurangzeb fail to arrest?

Provincial governors' power consolidation

What was a significant change that occurred in the subcontinent during the first half of the eighteenth century?

Consolidation of provincial governors' power

What caused major chunks of territory in eastern India to be seized by the British by 1765?

Weakening of imperial authority

During the period of Mughal decline, what did local chieftains attempt to do?

Consolidate their own positions and seize economic resources

What contributed to the shifting of political and economic authority into the hands of provincial governors and local chieftains?

Consolidation of control over provinces and economic resources

During the period of Mughal decline, which group was able to seize the economic resources of the region to consolidate their positions?

Provincial governors

What was a significant impact of Nadir Shah's invasion on the Mughal Empire?

Loss of immense wealth

What was a significant consequence of the breakdown of the efficiency of the imperial administration?

Peasant revolts

What led to the financial bankruptcy of the Mughal Empire?

Excessive taxation on peasants

What contributed to the shifting of political and economic authority into the hands of provincial governors and local chieftains?

Control over revenue and military administration

What event signified the height of success for the Mughal Empire?

The two-crop harvests

Explore the changes in political boundaries of the subcontinent during the eighteenth century with a focus on the Mughal Empire and the emergence of independent states. Understand the significant reshaping of the Mughal Empire's boundaries and the expansion of British influence through Map 1 and Map 2.

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