Kuhn's Focus on Theoretical Physics and Growth of Knowledge
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Kuhn's Focus on Theoretical Physics and Growth of Knowledge

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What is the relationship between the biological theory of punctuated equilibrium and Kuhn's theory of science?

They show a convergence on a story about processes of change.

In what way has the idea of punctuated equilibrium evolved over time?

It has been moderated and become part of mainstream biology.

According to Gould, what is the analogy between Kuhn's theory and the biological theory of punctuated equilibrium?

Both theories have faced similar opposition to alternative views of change.

How did Gould acknowledge Kuhn's influence on his biological ideas in the 1960s and 1970s?

<p>He credited Kuhn for shaping his biological ideas.</p> Signup and view all the answers

What type of processes replace ordinary natural selection during periods of rapid change according to the text?

<p>Other kinds of processes</p> Signup and view all the answers

What does Kuhn mean when he says that workers in different paradigms are living in different worlds?

<p>They speak different languages and have different standards of evidence</p> Signup and view all the answers

Why does Kuhn argue that a crisis alone will not lead scientists to reject a paradigm?

<p>Falsification requires acceptance of a new paradigm simultaneously</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the main consequence of the suggestion that science has two modes of change, one dramatic and abrupt?

<p>It prompts intense discussion on how revolutions occur</p> Signup and view all the answers

Why do scientists in different paradigms often find it hard to communicate effectively?

<p>Because they perceive evidence differently</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is required for large-scale scientific change, according to Kuhn?

<p>Acceptance of a new candidate paradigm during a crisis</p> Signup and view all the answers

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