Ketone Bodies and Heart Fuel Utilization Quiz

DazzledSnail avatar
DazzledSnail
·
·
Download

Start Quiz

Study Flashcards

5 Questions

What is the name of the process where acetyl CoA derived from fatty acid oxidation is converted into ketone bodies in the liver?

Ketogenesis

Which two water-soluble ketone bodies are transported in the blood to the heart for energy production?

Acetoacetate and 3-Hydroxybutyrate

What process occurs in the heart where ketone bodies are reconverted to acetyl CoA for oxidation by the TCA cycle?

Ketolysis

In cases of starvation and uncontrolled diabetes mellitus, what happens to the heart's use of ketone bodies for fuel?

Increases

What is the primary purpose of utilizing ketone bodies as a fuel source in the heart?

Energy production

Study Notes

Ketone Bodies as a Source of Fuel

  • In cases of starvation and uncontrolled Diabetes Mellitus (DM), the heart can use ketone bodies as a source of fuel.
  • Ketone bodies are produced in the liver mitochondria through a process called ketogenesis, which converts acetyl CoA derived from fatty acid (FA) oxidation.
  • There are two functional water-soluble ketone bodies: Acetoacetate and 3-hydroxybutyrate.
  • These ketone bodies are transported in the blood to the heart.
  • In the heart, ketone bodies are reconverted to acetyl CoA, which can then be oxidized by the TCA (Tricarboxylic Acid) cycle to produce energy.
  • The process of utilizing ketone bodies as fuels is called ketolysis.

Test your knowledge on how the heart utilizes ketone bodies as a source of fuel during starvation and uncontrolled diabetes. Learn about the conversion of acetyl CoA to ketone bodies, their transportation, and utilization in the TCA cycle for energy production.

Make Your Own Quizzes and Flashcards

Convert your notes into interactive study material.

Get started for free

More Quizzes Like This

Use Quizgecko on...
Browser
Browser