Introduction to Information Systems
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Introduction to Information Systems

This quiz covers the basic concepts of information systems, including their components, functions, and purpose in organizations. It explores the interconnected nature of hardware and software utilized for data collection, processing, and distribution.

Created by
@EffectiveMarsh

Questions and Answers

What does an information system (IS) consist of?

Physical devices like computers and servers

Which component of an information system involves the study of complementary networks of hardware and software?

Software

What does the term 'hardware resource' refer to in an information system?

Physical and tangible devices used in information processing

Which component of an information system consists of methods and rules governing system operation?

<p>Procedures</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the main function of information systems in an organization?

<p>To collect, process, store, and distribute information to support decision-making</p> Signup and view all the answers

What do information systems use to collect, create, and distribute useful data?

<p>Telecommunications networks</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is an example of system software?

<p>Operating system</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following is considered a data resource in information systems?

<p>Text data</p> Signup and view all the answers

Who are considered part of the people resource in an information system?

<p>End users</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the main function of application software in an information system?

<p>Processing for a particular use of computers by end users</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the primary role of IS specialists in an information system?

<p>Developing the information system and its components</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the function of hardware resources in an information system?

<p>Collecting, processing, and disseminating information to their users</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which type of data resource must meet criteria such as comprehensiveness, non-redundancy, and appropriate structure?

<p>Processed and organized data</p> Signup and view all the answers

What type of resource includes set of operating instructions called programs and set of information processing instructions called procedures?

<p>'Software resource'</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the role of 'End Users' in an information system?

<p>'Using' the information system or its products</p> Signup and view all the answers

'Non-redundancy' in data resources means that each individual piece of data exists only ______ in the database.

<p>'Once'</p> Signup and view all the answers

Study Notes

Components of an Information System

  • An information system (IS) consists of people, hardware, software, data, and network resources.

Hardware Resource

  • A hardware resource in an IS refers to computer equipment and media used for input, processing, storage, and output of data.

Software Component

  • The software component of an IS involves the study of complementary networks of hardware and software.

Procedural Component

  • The procedural component of an IS consists of methods and rules governing system operation.

Function of Information Systems

  • The main function of information systems in an organization is to provide support for managerial decision-making, operational control, and strategic planning.

Data Collection and Distribution

  • Information systems use people, procedures, hardware, software, and data to collect, create, and distribute useful data.

System Software

  • An example of system software is an operating system.

Data Resource

  • Data resources in an IS include databases, knowledge bases, and other repositories that store organized collections of data.
  • A data resource must meet criteria such as comprehensiveness, non-redundancy, and appropriate structure.

People Resource

  • The people resource in an IS includes IS specialists, end-users, and other stakeholders involved in the development, operation, and use of the system.

Application Software

  • The main function of application software in an IS is to provide support for managerial decision-making, operational control, and strategic planning.

IS Specialists

  • The primary role of IS specialists in an IS is to design, develop, and implement information systems that meet organizational needs.

Hardware Resources

  • The function of hardware resources in an IS is to provide the infrastructure for input, processing, storage, and output of data.

End Users

  • The role of 'End Users' in an IS is to interact with the system to perform tasks, retrieve information, and make decisions.

Non-Redundancy

  • 'Non-redundancy' in data resources means that each individual piece of data exists only once in the database.

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