CH 3: Cancer
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CH 3: Cancer

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Questions and Answers

What is the main characteristic of cancer cells in terms of their response to growth inhibition signals?

They multiply despite receiving growth inhibition signals

Which process do tumors stimulate to enable them to receive necessary nutrients for their growth?

Angiogenesis

What term is used to describe the ability of cancer cells to invade other tissues and spread throughout the body?

Metastasis

Which type of cancer originates in connective tissues like bone, cartilage, and muscle?

<p>Sarcomas</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the characteristic that distinguishes malignant tumors from benign tumors?

<p>Malignant tumors can spread to other body parts, while benign tumors do not.</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which term describes the formation of a mass of cancer cells that impacts surrounding normal cells?

<p>Tumor</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the fundamental characteristic of cancer cells in terms of cell division?

<p>Cancer cells continue to multiply regardless of signals.</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which type of cancer affects the organs, glands, and skin?

<p>Carcinomas</p> Signup and view all the answers

What happens when a tumor stimulates angiogenesis?

<p>New blood vessels form to supply nutrients</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which type of cancer affects the blood, lymphatic, and immune systems?

<p>Leukemia</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is one of the causes of cancer?

<p>Genetic mutations</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a common misconception about cancer?

<p>Cancer is always a death sentence</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which treatment option involves using chemicals to kill cancer cells?

<p>Chemotherapy</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a potential side effect of chemotherapy?

<p>Hair loss</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which biological agent is associated with an increased risk of cervical cancer?

<p>Human Papillomavirus (HPV)</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is an alternative therapy used alongside conventional cancer treatments?

<p>Traditional remedies</p> Signup and view all the answers

What lifestyle modification can help reduce cancer risk?

<p>Balanced diet</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the purpose of regular cancer screenings?

<p>To improve treatment outcomes</p> Signup and view all the answers

What type of treatment physically removes cancer cells?

<p>Surgery</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the role of radiotherapy in cancer treatment?

<p>To use radiation to destroy cancer cells</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a defining feature of cancer cells that distinguishes them from normal cells?

<p>Disregard growth inhibition signals</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which term is used to describe a mass of cancer cells that deprive surrounding normal cells of nutrients and disrupt their function?

<p>Tumor</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the term for the ability of cancer cells to invade other tissues and spread throughout the body?

<p>Metastasis</p> Signup and view all the answers

In cancer, what is the process where tumors stimulate the formation of new blood vessels to facilitate nutrient supply and spread of cancer cells?

<p>Angiogenesis</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which type of cancer originates in connective tissues like bone, cartilage, and muscle?

<p>Sarcoma</p> Signup and view all the answers

What characteristic distinguishes malignant tumors from benign tumors?

<p>(Dis)ability to spread throughout the body</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which type of cells do cancer cells impact by depriving them of nutrients and disrupting their function?

<p><strong>Normal cells</strong></p> Signup and view all the answers

Unresponsive to Growth Inhibition Signals is a feature that distinguishes cancer cells from normal cells. What do normal cells do when they receive these signals?

<p><strong>Cease division</strong></p> Signup and view all the answers

Angiogenesis is a critical characteristic of cancer. What purpose does it serve in tumor development?

<p><strong>Facilitates nutrient supply</strong></p> Signup and view all the answers

Carcinomas originate in epithelial cells covering organs, glands, and skin. What is a defining feature of carcinomas compared to other types of cancer?

<p><strong>Originating in epithelial cells</strong></p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following is NOT a misconception about cancer?

<p>Cancer is primarily caused by genetic mutations.</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following is NOT a conventional cancer treatment?

<p>Immunotherapy</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following is NOT a biological agent associated with cancer?

<p>HIV</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following is NOT a lifestyle modification that can help reduce cancer risk?

<p>Increasing alcohol consumption</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following is NOT a common side effect of chemotherapy?

<p>Liver damage</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following is NOT a traditional remedy used alongside conventional cancer treatments?

<p>Teas from chamomile</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following is NOT a preventative measure for cancer?

<p>Exposure to UV light</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following is NOT a common misconception about cancer?

<p>Cancer is a modern disease</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following is NOT a risk factor for cancer?

<p>Regular exercise</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following is NOT a type of alternative or complementary therapy for cancer?

<p>Chemotherapy</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the primary mechanism by which chemotherapy targets cancer cells?

<p>By targeting their ability to divide rapidly</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following biological agents is associated with an increased risk of liver cancer?

<p>Hepatitis C</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following is a common misconception about cancer treatment that can negatively impact a patient's attitude towards recovery?

<p>Faith in alternative treatments as panaceas</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the primary purpose of radiotherapy in cancer treatment?

<p>To destroy cancer cells using focused radiation</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following is NOT a traditional remedy used alongside conventional cancer treatments to support overall health and wellbeing?

<p>Chemotherapy</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the main characteristic of cancer cells that distinguishes them from normal cells in terms of their response to growth inhibition signals?

<p>They are unresponsive to growth inhibition signals</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following is NOT a preventative measure for cancer?

<p>Exposure to UV light</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the purpose of angiogenesis in tumor development?

<p>To enable cancer cells to receive necessary nutrients for their growth</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following is NOT a lifestyle modification that can help reduce cancer risk?

<p>Limiting exposure to radiation</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following is NOT a side effect of chemotherapy?

<p>Weight gain</p> Signup and view all the answers

What distinguishes malignant tumors from benign tumors?

<p>Malignant tumors spread throughout the body.</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the key characteristic of carcinomas compared to other types of cancer?

<p>Originating in epithelial cells</p> Signup and view all the answers

Why are tumors stimulating angiogenesis crucial for cancer development?

<p>To facilitate the growth of new blood vessels.</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a distinguishing feature of sarcomas among cancer types?

<p>Arising in connective tissues like bone and muscle.</p> Signup and view all the answers

Why do cancer cells impact surrounding normal cells negatively?

<p>By depriving them of nutrients and disrupting their function.</p> Signup and view all the answers

What critical feature allows cancer cells to invade other tissues and spread throughout the body?

<p>Metastasis ability.</p> Signup and view all the answers

Angiogenesis is a critical process for tumors. How does it contribute to cancer growth?

<p>By forming new blood vessels for nutrient supply and facilitating cancer cell spread.</p> Signup and view all the answers

What role does mitosis play in the development of cancer?

<p>Mitosis leads to the uncontrolled division characteristic of cancer.</p> Signup and view all the answers

Why are growth inhibition signals significant in understanding cancer?

<p>They highlight a key distinction between normal and cancer cells in terms of division behavior.</p> Signup and view all the answers

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