Intestinal Obstruction and Nursing Interventions

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What are common signs and symptoms of intestinal obstruction?

Abdominal fullness, constipation, vomiting, inability to pass gas and stool

What is a key nursing intervention for a patient with intestinal obstruction?

Monitor fluid and electrolyte levels

How can nausea and vomiting be managed in a patient with intestinal obstruction?

Relieve nausea and vomiting through NG suctioning out the contents of the stomach

Study Notes

Intestinal Obstruction: Signs and Symptoms

  • Abdominal pain or tenderness, often localized to the obstructed area
  • Nausea and vomiting, potentially with bile or feces
  • Abdominal distension or bloating
  • Constipation or inability to pass stool or gas
  • Presence of bowel sounds or abdominal bruits
  • Fever, potentially with signs of peritonitis

Nursing Interventions for Intestinal Obstruction

  • Monitoring for signs of dehydration, such as decreased urine output or dark urine
  • Administering IV fluids and electrolyte replacement to prevent dehydration
  • Withholding oral intake to reduce nausea and vomiting
  • Maintaining NPO (nothing by mouth) status to prevent further obstruction

Managing Nausea and Vomiting

  • Administering anti-emetic medications to reduce nausea and vomiting
  • Providing small, frequent sips of water or clear fluids to help manage dehydration
  • Positioning the patient in a side-lying or upright position to reduce aspiration risk
  • Using nasogastric suction to relieve nausea and vomiting, as ordered by a physician

Test your knowledge of intestinal obstruction and the corresponding nursing interventions with this quiz. Learn about the signs, symptoms, and vital nursing care for patients with this condition.

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