Insulins and basic Diabetes meds.

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29 Questions

What is the onset time for regular short-acting insulin?

30 minutes

Which intermediate insulin has a duration of 10-18 hours?

NPH insulin

What is characteristic of rapid acting insulins like Lispro, Aspart, and Glulisine?

5-15 minutes onset

Which insulins have no peak and a duration of 24 hours according to the text?

Long acting insulins

What is a characteristic of Sulfonylurea medications based on the text?

End in RIDE

Which medication type ends in ZONE according to the provided text?

Thiazolidinediones

What is the peak time for short-acting regular insulin?

2.5 hours

Which insulin is both IV and SUBQ and is considered short-acting?

Regular

What is a unique feature of Afrezza insulin among the listed insulins?

It is inhaled

Which insulins need patients to eat a meal after injection for optimal effect?

Lispro, Aspart, Glulisine

Which type of medication is indicated to end in GLIPTINS according to the text provided?

DPP-IV inhibitors

What is the recommended first-line drug for type 2 diabetes according to the text?

Metformin

What is the peak time for NPH insulin according to the text?

4-8 hours

Which type of medication is indicated to end in TIDE based on the provided text?

Injectable GLP-1 medications

When is the onset time for long-acting Glargine, Detemir, and Degludec insulin?

1-2 hours

Which form does D50W or Dextrose 50 come in?

IV form

What is the duration for short-acting regular insulin as mentioned in the text?

6-10 hours

Which insulins are classified as rapid acting based on the text?

Lispro, Aspart, Glulisine, Afrezza

What is the peak time for rapid acting Lispro, Aspart, and Glulisine insulin?

1-2 hours

Which form are the oral versions of glucose-elevating drugs according to the text?

Buccal tabs and semisolid gel

What type of drug ends in FLOZIN as mentioned in the text?

SGLT2 inhibitor

According to the information provided, what should be avoided for patients with sulfa allergies?

RIDE medications

The duration for rapid acting Lispro, Aspart, and Glulisine is

3-5 hours

NPH insulin is _____ acting.

intermediate

The insulins Glargine, Detemir, and Degludec are _____ acting insulins.

long

Long acting Glargine, Detemir, and Degludec are your go to insulins for patients that need constant coverage or have busy lifestyles.

True

Metformin is a biguanide.

True

The onset for intermediate acting NPH insulin is _____ hours.

1-2

Glucagon is the _____ form of glucose elevating drugs.

SUBQ

Study Notes

Insulin Types and Characteristics

  • Regular insulin is short acting and can be given IV or SUBQ.
  • The onset of short acting regular insulin is 30 minutes, peak is 2.5 hours, and duration is 6-10 hours.

Inhaled Insulin

  • Afrezza is a rapid acting inhaled insulin.

Intermediate Acting Insulin

  • NPH insulin is intermediate acting.
  • The onset of intermediate acting NPH insulin is 1-2 hours, peak is 4-8 hours, and duration is 10-18 hours.

Rapid Acting Insulins

  • Lispro, Aspart, and Glulisine are rapid acting insulins.
  • Patients should eat a meal after injection of rapid acting insulins.
  • The onset of rapid acting Lispro, Aspart, and Glulisine is 5-15 minutes, peak is 1-2 hours, and duration is 3-5 hours.

Long Acting Insulins

  • Glargine, Detemir, and Degludec are long acting insulins.
  • The onset of long acting Glargine, Detemir, and Degludec is 1-2 hours, with no peak, and duration is 24 hours.
  • Long acting Glargine, Detemir, and Degludec are suitable for patients who need constant coverage or have busy lifestyles.

Medication Classes

  • Sulfonylurea medications end in RIDE.
  • Thiazolidinedione medications end in ZONE.
  • DPP-IV inhibitors end in GLIPTINS.
  • Injectable GLP-1 medications end in TIDE.
  • SGLT2 inhibitors end in FLOZIN.

Glucose-Elevating Drugs

  • Buccal tabs and semisolid gel are the oral forms of glucose-elevating drugs.
  • D50W or Dextrose 50 is the IV form of glucose elevating drugs.
  • Glucagon is the SUBQ form of glucose elevating drugs.

Metformin

  • Metformin is a biguanide and is the first line drug for type 2 diabetes.

Contraindications

  • Do not give Sulfonylureas to patients with sulfa allergies.

Test your knowledge on different types of insulin and their onset, peak, and duration of action. Questions cover regular insulin, rapid-acting insulin like Afrezza, and intermediate-acting NPH insulin.

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