Innate vs Adaptive Immunity Quiz
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Innate vs Adaptive Immunity Quiz

Test your knowledge on the differences between innate and adaptive immunity. Learn about the defense mechanisms that protect individuals against infections and the development of immunity after exposure to microbes.

Created by
@PreciousVerdelite1396

Questions and Answers

Which type of immunity refers to defense mechanisms that are present before infection and specifically recognizes microbes?

Innate immunity

What is the first line of defense in the immune response?

Epithelial barriers

Which immune response is stimulated by microbes and develops after exposure to them?

Adaptive immunity

What is the main function of Toll-like receptors (TLRs) in the immune response?

<p>Synthesis of cytokines</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which component of the immune response stimulates the production of type I interferons, the antiviral cytokines?

<p>Interferon regulatory factors (IRFs)</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which plasma proteins are part of innate immunity and play a role in defense mechanisms?

<p>Mannose-binding lectin and C-reactive protein</p> Signup and view all the answers

Where are RIG-like receptors (RLRs) located?

<p>In the cytosol of most cell types</p> Signup and view all the answers

What do G protein–coupled receptors on neutrophils, macrophages, and most other types of leukocytes recognize?

<p>Short bacterial peptides containing N-formylmethionyl residues</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the function of Mannose receptors in the immune system?

<p>Recognize microbial sugars and induce phagocytosis</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which type of immunity protects against extracellular microbes and their toxins?

<p>Humoral immunity mediated by B lymphocytes</p> Signup and view all the answers

What class of lymphocytes express highly specific receptors for a wide variety of substances called antigens?

<p>T lymphocytes</p> Signup and view all the answers

Where are C-type lectin receptors (CLRs) expressed?

<p>On the plasma membrane of macrophages and dendritic cells</p> Signup and view all the answers

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