History of Evolutionary Thought: Ancient Greek Perspectives
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History of Evolutionary Thought: Ancient Greek Perspectives

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Questions and Answers

Who proposed the concept of 'eidos' and believed that species have a defining essence that is unchanged and totally fixed?

Plato

Which ancient Greek thinker observed diversity in the world and organized and classified organisms into Scala naturae/The great chain of being?

Aristotle

Who established an empirical approach to testing natural phenomena and confirmed Copernicus’ idea that the earth was not the center of space?

Galileo Galilei

Which thinker from the Middle Ages proposed the recent origin of earth (October 23, 4004 B.C. at 9am) and the idea that since nothing changes, nothing is related except descent?

<p>Archbishop James Ussher</p> Signup and view all the answers

Who proposed the first mechanism of evolutionary change to explain biological diversity?

<p>Jean Lamark</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is taxonomy derived from?

<p>Taxis: order or arrange, Nomos: law/science</p> Signup and view all the answers

Who recognized that organisms are dynamic in relation to their environments?

<p>Jean Lamark</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which scientist described changes in biological organisms tied to changes in rock layers of Paris Basin?

<p>Georges Cuvier</p> Signup and view all the answers

Who recognized that species share similarities with other species and used the classification of genus to acknowledge this?

<p>Carolus Linnaeus</p> Signup and view all the answers

What did Carolus Linnaeus use to group organisms based on similarities?

<p>Binomial system</p> Signup and view all the answers

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