Genetic Engineering Techniques Quiz

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18 Questions

Which of the following is a key feature of genetic engineering?

Manipulation of a specific target gene

In genetic engineering, what is used to carry the desired gene into the target organism?

Plasmid or vector

Which technique can be used to enhance the expression of a desired gene?

Disrupting the inhibition of the gene's expression

What is the primary difference between genetic engineering and classical breeding?

Genetic engineering manipulates a specific gene, while classical breeding affects thousands of genes.

Which of the following is an advantage of genetic engineering over classical breeding?

Genetic engineering can introduce new traits that are not present in the parent organisms.

Which of the following is a key step in the genetic engineering process?

Isolating and manipulating a specific target gene

What term best describes the combination of DNA molecules from two different organisms?

Recombinant DNA

Which field benefits from the production of insulin using recombinant DNA technology?

Medicine

What is the main application of inserting the Bt-toxin gene into recipient organisms?

Providing pest resistance

Which organism has a gene disrupted to delay ripening in the provided text?

Tomato plant

In genetic engineering, what is used to modify the traits of a target organism?

Plasmid

What does recombinant DNA technology involve?

Combining DNA from two different organisms

What is the primary function of a restriction enzyme in recombinant DNA technology?

To cleave DNA at specific recognition sequences

What is the role of a plasmid in recombinant DNA technology?

It serves as a vector for introducing foreign DNA into a host cell

Which of the following is NOT a fundamental difference between genetic engineering and traditional breeding?

Both genetic engineering and traditional breeding modify organisms genetically

What is the primary advantage of using recombinant DNA technology compared to traditional breeding methods?

It allows for the transfer of genes between different species

Which of the following is NOT a component required for successful recombinant DNA technology?

RNA polymerase

What is the primary function of a plasmid vector in recombinant DNA technology?

To introduce foreign DNA into a host organism

Test your knowledge on the techniques and concepts of genetic engineering, which involves the intentional manipulation of genetic material to alter, repair, or enhance traits in organisms. This quiz covers topics such as target genes, molecular techniques, and the effects of genetic alterations on organisms.

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