(GERD)

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15 Questions

What is the primary etiology of GERD?

Incompetence of the cardia due to sliding hiatal hernia

What is the definition of Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GERD)?

Regurgitation of acidic stomach contents into the esophagus leading to chronic esophagitis

What is a characteristic symptom of GERD?

Bitter taste in the mouth

What is the pathology behind reflux esophagitis in GERD?

Recurrent superficial ulceration causing esophageal spasm and edema

What is a potential complication of GERD?

Chronic blood loss leading to secondary anemia

What is the primary cause of Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GERD)?

Incompetence of the cardia due to a sliding hiatal hernia

What is the pathology behind reflux esophagitis in GERD?

Recurring superficial ulceration causing longitudinal muscle spasm and esophageal fibrosis

What is a potential complication of Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GERD)?

Chronic blood loss leading to secondary anemia

What is the characteristic symptom of Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GERD)?

Burning pain (Heart burn)

What may lead to progressive stricture and shortening of the esophagus in Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GERD)?

Recurring esophageal fibrosis due to superficial ulceration

Which surgical procedure may lead to alkalosis in cases of gastrectomy followed by oesophagoduodenostomy or oesophagojejunostomy without Roux en Y loop?

Oesophagojejunostomy

What is the primary cause of Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GERD) due to incompetence of cardia?

Sliding H.H.

What is the initial symptom of Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GERD) which is characterized by burning pain?

Heart burn

What may cause chronic blood loss leading to secondary anemia or haematemesis in Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GERD)?

Peptic ulceration in the lower esophagus

What characteristic feature of reflux esophagitis in GERD causes longitudinal muscle spasm drawing the cardia more and more up into the thorax?

Superficial ulceration

Test your knowledge on the definition, etiology, and surgical procedures related to Gastro-Oesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD). Understand the chronic esophagitis caused by the regurgitation of gastric acid into the esophagus and its primary and secondary causes.

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