DSM-5-TR: What’s The Difference, Part I

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18 Questions

Which of the following disorders is characterized by involuntary muscle movements and vocalizations?

Tourette's Disorder

What is the key difference between Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Conduct Disorder, and Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder?

Presence of irritability

What differentiates Bipolar I Disorder from Bipolar II Disorder and Cyclothymic Disorder?

Duration of mood episodes

Which disorder is characterized by a marked fear or anxiety about two or more social situations?

Social Anxiety Disorder

What differentiates Major Depressive Disorder from Unspecified Depressive Disorder and Persistent Depressive Disorder?

Duration of symptoms

Which disorder involves a persistent pattern of violating the rights of others or societal norms?

Conduct Disorder

What sets apart Autism Spectrum Disorder from Social (Pragmatic) Communication Disorder?

Presence of restricted interests/repetitive behaviors

'Encopresis' refers to which type of behavior disorder?

'Recurrent soiling oneself'

'Separation Anxiety Disorder' differs from 'Generalized Anxiety Disorder' mainly in terms of?

'Focus of anxiety'

Pica is different from Rumination Disorder

True

Language Disorder is the same as Childhood-Onset Fluency Disorder

False

Encopresis and Enuresis both involve bed-wetting

False

Separation Anxiety Disorder is different from Generalized Anxiety Disorder

True

Selective Mutism is the same as Social Anxiety Disorder

False

Brief Psychotic Disorder and Schizophreniform Disorder are the same diagnosis

False

Major Depressive Disorder and Persistent Depressive Disorder are distinct diagnoses

True

Bipolar I Disorder is similar to Cyclothymic Disorder

False

Bereavement is different from Major Depressive Disorder

True

Study Notes

Psychiatric Disorders

  • Tourette's Disorder: characterized by involuntary muscle movements and vocalizations.

Disruptive Behavior Disorders

  • Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Conduct Disorder, and Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder: differentiated by their distinct symptoms and characteristics.
  • Conduct Disorder: involves a persistent pattern of violating the rights of others or societal norms.

Mood Disorders

  • Bipolar I Disorder, Bipolar II Disorder, and Cyclothymic Disorder: differentiated by their severity, duration, and frequency of manic episodes.
  • Major Depressive Disorder, Unspecified Depressive Disorder, and Persistent Depressive Disorder: differentiated by their duration, severity, and symptoms.

Anxiety Disorders

  • Social Anxiety Disorder: characterized by a marked fear or anxiety about two or more social situations.
  • Separation Anxiety Disorder: differs from Generalized Anxiety Disorder mainly in terms of its focus on anxiety related to separation from a caregiver.

Neurodevelopmental Disorders

  • Autism Spectrum Disorder: differentiated from Social (Pragmatic) Communication Disorder by its distinct symptoms and characteristics.

Elimination Disorders

  • Encopresis: a type of behavior disorder characterized by the repeated passage of feces into inappropriate places.
  • Enuresis: involves bed-wetting.

Feeding and Eating Disorders

  • Pica: differentiated from Rumination Disorder by its distinct symptoms and characteristics.

Communication Disorders

  • Language Disorder: distinct from Childhood-Onset Fluency Disorder.

Other Disorders

  • Brief Psychotic Disorder: differentiated from Schizophreniform Disorder by its shorter duration.
  • Selective Mutism: distinct from Social Anxiety Disorder.
  • Bereavement: differentiated from Major Depressive Disorder.

Test your knowledge on the differences between various diagnoses as per DSM-5-TR. Compare Autism Spectrum Disorder with Social (Pragmatic) Communication Disorder, Specific Learning Disorder with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Pica with Rumination Disorder and more.

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