Chemistry Chapter 9: Solids, Liquids, and Gases Properties Matching

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Describe the properties of liquids.

Liquids have a high density, take the shape of their container, particles are close together, forces between particles are quite strong, expand quite a lot when heated, and flow easily.

What are the properties of solids?

Solids have a definite volume, a definite shape, particles packed closely, strong forces between particles, are not easily squashed, expand slightly when heated, and do not flow.

How do gases differ from solids and liquids?

Gases have no definite volume, always fill the container they are in, become the same shape as their container, particles are far apart, forces between particles are very weak, have a very low density, are easily squashed, expand greatly when heated, and flow easily and diffuse.

What determines whether a material is a solid, liquid, or gas?

The arrangement of particles and their energy determine whether a material is a solid, liquid, or gas.

Test your knowledge on the properties of solids, liquids, and gases including volume, shape, density, and behavior under heat. Match the properties to the corresponding states of matter.

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