Biochemistry and Medicine Quiz
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Biochemistry and Medicine Quiz

Test your knowledge of biochemistry and its relevance to medicine with this quiz. Explore topics such as biomolecules, disease, genetics, diagnosis, health, and disease treatment.

Created by
@FresherHyena

Questions and Answers

What did Carl Neuberg do in the field of biochemistry?

Coined the term 'Biochemistry'

What does biochemistry primarily study?

Individual chemical reactions and their enzyme catalysts

What is the importance of biomolecules according to the text?

They are important for diagnosis and monitoring of treatment

What is the role of biochemical laboratory tests according to the text?

<p>Integral component of diagnosis and monitoring of treatment</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following biomolecules is responsible for the storage and transmission of genetic information?

<p>Nucleic acids</p> Signup and view all the answers

What type of bond is formed by the sharing of a hydrogen between two electron donors?

<p>Hydrogen bond</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which type of metabolic pathway consumes energy to build complicated molecules from simpler compounds such as proteins, glycogen, and lipids?

<p>Anabolic pathways</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the sum total of the chemical activities of all cells called?

<p>Cellular metabolism</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which stage of metabolism involves the breakdown of food and transportation of nutrients to tissues?

<p>Primary metabolism</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which part of the cell prevents interference of metabolic reactions within the cell?

<p>Compartmentalisation</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the function of the citrate cycle and respiratory chain in metabolism?

<p>Control of metabolic reactions</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which type of bond is formed by interaction between nonpolar hydrophobic side chains by eliminating water molecules?

<p>Hydrophobic interactions</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the type of reaction that releases energy by breaking down complex molecules into simpler compounds such as glycolysis?

<p>Exergonic reaction</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which biomolecule is responsible for catalyzing biochemical reactions in the body?

<p>Enzymes</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the mechanism that influences enzyme activity based on factors such as temperature and pH?

<p>Regulation</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the name for weak forces of attraction between all atoms, due to oscillating dipoles?

<p>Van der Waals force</p> Signup and view all the answers

Study Notes

Biochemistry Overview

  • Biochemistry primarily studies the chemical processes and substances that occur within living organisms.

Biomolecules and Their Importance

  • Biomolecules are essential for the structure, function, and regulation of living organisms.
  • They play a crucial role in various cellular processes, including metabolism, growth, and response to stimuli.

Biochemical Laboratory Tests

  • Biochemical laboratory tests are used to diagnose and monitor diseases, such as diabetes, by measuring the levels of certain biomolecules in the body.

Nucleic Acids

  • DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) is responsible for the storage and transmission of genetic information.

Hydrogen Bonds

  • Hydrogen bonds are formed by the sharing of a hydrogen between two electron donors.

Metabolic Pathways

  • Anabolic pathways consume energy to build complicated molecules from simpler compounds, such as proteins, glycogen, and lipids.
  • Examples of anabolic pathways include protein synthesis and glycogen synthesis.

Metabolism

  • The sum total of the chemical activities of all cells is called metabolism.
  • Metabolism involves the breakdown of food and transportation of nutrients to tissues, as well as the synthesis of new molecules.

Cellular Compartmentalization

  • The cell membrane prevents interference of metabolic reactions within the cell by compartmentalizing specific reactions.

Citrate Cycle and Respiratory Chain

  • The citrate cycle (also known as the Krebs cycle or tricarboxylic acid cycle) and respiratory chain are involved in the breakdown of acetyl-CoA and the generation of ATP during cellular respiration.

Hydrophobic Interactions

  • Hydrophobic interactions are formed by the interaction between nonpolar hydrophobic side chains by eliminating water molecules.

Catabolic Reactions

  • Catabolic reactions release energy by breaking down complex molecules into simpler compounds, such as glycolysis.

Enzymes

  • Enzymes are biological molecules that catalyze biochemical reactions in the body.

Enzyme Regulation

  • The activity of enzymes is influenced by factors such as temperature and pH, which can alter the enzyme's shape and activity.

Van der Waals Forces

  • Van der Waals forces are weak forces of attraction between all atoms, due to oscillating dipoles.

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