Anatomy 1

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Which division of the skeletal system includes the bones of the upper and lower limbs and bones that attach the limbs to the axial skeleton?

Appendicular skeleton

Which term refers to the movement of a body part away from the median plane?

Abduction

Which term refers to the movement of a body part towards the median plane?

Adduction

Which term refers to bending the ankle towards the shin?

Dorsiflexion

Which type of bone is thin and flat?

Flat bone

Which type of cartilage is found in joints?

Hyaline cartilage

Which bone surface marking is a smooth flat articular surface?

Facet

Which bone surface marking houses a moveable tendon?

Trochlea

Which type of bone is almost cube-shaped and nearly equal in length and width?

Short bone

Which term refers to the movement of a body part or decreasing the angle between the body parts?

Flexion

Which plane divides the body into right and left sides?

Sagittal plane

Which term describes a structure being closer to the midline of the body?

Medial

Which plane divides the body or an organ into anterior and posterior portions?

Frontal plane

Which term describes a structure being further from the midline of the body?

Lateral

Which plane divides the body or an organ into superior and inferior portions?

Transverse plane

Which term describes a structure being closer to the front of the body?

Anterior

Which term describes a structure being closer to the back of the body?

Posterior

Which term describes structures being closer to the head?

Cephalad

Which term describes structures being further from the head, toward the feet?

caudal

Which term describes a structure being closer to the origin or trunk?

Proximal

Anatomy is the study of _______________ and the relationships among structures in human relationships revealed by dissection.

the human body

What is the anatomical position?

A method of observing or imaging the body that allows precise and consistent anatomical references

In the anatomical position, the palms of the hands are facing _______________.

forward

If the body is lying face down, it is in the _______________ position.

prone

Which of the following is NOT a term of direction in anatomy?

Proximal

What is the function of the skeletal system?

Support and protection of internal organs

What are the major regions identified in the body?

Head, neck, trunk, upper limbs, lower limbs

What is the study of the structure and development of an embryo called?

Embryology

Which type of joint is found between the bones of the skull?

Fibrous

What is the function of the ligaments in a joint?

To hold the joint together

Which type of joint allows for the most movement?

Diarthrosis

What is the primary cartilaginous joint called that connects bones with hyaline cartilage?

Synchondrosis

Which type of joint is found between the ulna and radius or fibula and tibia?

Syndesmosis

Which type of joint is found between a tooth and its socket?

Gomphosis

Which type of joint is held together by fibrous connective tissue?

Fibrous

Which type of joint is held together by cartilage?

Cartilaginous

What is the term for a joint that allows for little to no movement?

Synarthrosis

What is the term for a joint that allows for some movement?

Amphiarthrosis

Which type of joint allows for flexion/extension and adduction/abduction movements?

Saddle Joint

Which type of joint allows for tri-axial movement?

Ball and Socket Joint

Which type of joint is similar to a door hinge?

Hinge Joint

Which type of joint has an egg/oval shaped projection fitting into an elliptical hole?

Condyloid Joint

Which type of joint has the opposing surfaces reciprocally concave-convex?

Saddle Joint

Which type of joint has a cylindrical surface fitting into a cylindrical groove?

Hinge Joint

Which type of joint allows for rotation movement?

Pivot Joint

Which type of joint has two relatively flat, smooth surfaces articulating together?

Plane Joint

Which type of joint allows for movement in two plane?

Condyloid Joint

Which type of joint allows for movement in one plane?

Plane Joint

Which type of muscle contraction occurs when the muscle lengthens while contracting?

Eccentric

What is the role of the antagonist muscle in the body?

To passively elongate or shorten to permit motion

What is the function of tendons and aponeuroses?

To attach muscle to bone or other muscle

What is the function of deep fascia in the body?

To wrap the body and provide support

What is the function of sensory nerves in the body?

To receive sensory stimuli

What is the function of motor nerves in the body?

To stimulate muscle contraction

What do spinal nerves generally refer to?

Nerves that innervate most of the skeletal muscles

What do cranial nerves innervate in the body?

Sensory and motor nerve fibers

What are tendon sheaths?

Tube-like structures that wrap around tendons

Test your knowledge on the basics of anatomy and anatomical terms with this quiz! Covering topics such as anatomical position, major regions of the human body, terms of direction and movement, and an overview of the skeletal system, this quiz will help you solidify your understanding of the fundamentals. Get ready to ace your anatomy exams!

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