Anatomy and Physiology of the Gastrointestinal System Review

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12 Questions

Which hormone encourages both the secretion of pancreatic enzymes and the discharge of bile from the gall bladder?

Cholesystokinin

What are the main enzymes produced by the exocrine glands of the pancreas?

Lipases, peptidases, and amylases

What is the function of bile in the digestive system?

To emulsify fats and make them water soluble

Which part of the pancreas stretches back to just in front of the spleen?

Tail

What is the main function of the villi in the small intestine?

To absorb nutrients into capillaries and lacteals

Which blood vessels serve the digestive system and have the function of transporting absorbed nutrients and supplying the organs with nutrients and oxygen?

Capillaries

What is the peritoneal cavity?

A space bounded by visceral and parietal peritoneal surfaces

Which structure within the small intestine absorbs fatty acids from broken-down chyme?

Lacteals

What is the primary purpose of the gastrointestinal tract?

Breaking down food into nutrients for absorption

What is the basic structure of the gastrointestinal tract?

Mucosa, submucosa, muscularis externa, and serosa

What is the process where food is expelled from the body?

Defecation

Which of the following represents a function of the digestive system?

Breaking down food into smaller molecules

Explore the anatomy and physiology of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract in this review, including a discussion on the histology of its basic structure. The content is based on the references from 'CURRENT Diagnosis & Treatment, Gastroenterology, Hepatology, & Endoscopy' and the McGraw-Hill Education Anatomy and Physiology of Gastrointestinal System Tutorial.

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