Zoonotic Virus: Rabies and Transmission
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Zoonotic Virus: Rabies and Transmission

Learn about zoonotic viruses and their transmission to humans through this quiz. This quiz focuses on the zoonotic disease Rabies, its progression, symptoms, and transmission to humans.

Created by
@SplendidBinomial

Questions and Answers

How is rabies transmitted to humans?

Through the bite/lick of an infected animal

What is the average incubation time for rabies in humans?

1-2 months or more

What is a zoonotic disease?

A disease acquired from animals or non-human primates and infecting both humans and animals

What is the term for the fear of water associated with rabies?

<p>Hydrophobia</p> Signup and view all the answers

What are the symptoms of the prodromal phase of rabies?

<p>Fever, nausea, vomiting, headache, fatigue</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the pathogenesis of rabies?

<p>Viral degeneration of the spinal cord and brain</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the mortality rate of rabies when prophylaxis is not administered?

<p>100%</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which type of rabies vaccine is cultured in human embryonic fibroblasts and given intramuscularly into the deltoid area of the upper arm?

<p>Human diploid cell vaccine (HDCV)</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the goal of prophylactic treatment for rabies?

<p>To confine the virus to the site of entry</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the clinical picture in animals infected with dumb rabies?

<p>Paralyzed and disoriented</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following is NOT a symptom of rabid animals?

<p>Increased appetite</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the recommended frequency for subsequent booster doses for long-term prophylaxis in high-risk groups?

<p>Every 2 to 3 years</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the most common method of administration for human diploid cell vaccine (HDCV) following exposure to rabies?

<p>Intramuscularly into the deltoid area of the upper arm</p> Signup and view all the answers

What type of vaccine is given intraperitoneally in 21 injections (daily) and booster doses 10 and 20 days later?

<p>Inactivated, partially attenuated rabies vaccine</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the clinical feature observed in animals infected with rabies that do not result in death?

<p>Restless wandering for miles</p> Signup and view all the answers

What should be done immediately after a wound from a rabid animal?

<p>Thorough cleansing of wound by washing immediately with soap or detergent and water followed by debridement and application of antiseptic as alcohol or peroxide</p> Signup and view all the answers

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