Workers Rights in the UK
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Workers Rights in the UK

Test your knowledge of workers' rights in the UK, including fair pay, working hours, safe working environment, and freedom from discrimination. Learn about the relevant laws and regulations that protect workers' rights.

Created by
@TantalizingAluminium

Questions and Answers

What is the primary responsibility of employers under the Act 1974?

Ensuring a safe working environment

Which of the following is an automatically unfair reason for dismissal under the Employment Rights Act 1996?

Pregnancy or maternity

What is the purpose of the Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations (RIDDOR) 2013?

To report certain workplace accidents, diseases, and near-misses

What is the duty of employees under the Act 1974?

<p>Taking reasonable care for their own safety and that of others</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following is a fair reason for dismissal under the Employment Rights Act 1996?

<p>Conduct</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the primary purpose of the National Minimum Wage Act 1998?

<p>To provide a minimum hourly wage for workers</p> Signup and view all the answers

What type of employment contract specifies a limited duration and end date?

<p>Fixed-term contract</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the primary purpose of the Equality Act 2010?

<p>To protect against discrimination based on protected characteristics</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is an example of implied terms in an employment contract?

<p>Duty of mutual trust and confidence</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the primary purpose of the Health and Safety at Work etc. Act 1974?

<p>To ensure a safe and healthy work environment</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is an example of direct discrimination?

<p>Treating someone less favorably due to a protected characteristic</p> Signup and view all the answers

Study Notes

Workers Rights

  • Right to fair pay: National Minimum Wage Act 1998 ensures a minimum hourly wage for workers
  • Right to fair working hours: Working Time Regulations 1998 stipulates maximum working hours, rest breaks, and holidays
  • Right to a safe working environment: Health and Safety at Work etc. Act 1974 requires employers to ensure a safe and healthy work environment
  • Right to freedom from discrimination: Equality Act 2010 protects against discrimination based on protected characteristics (e.g., age, gender, race)

Employment Contracts

  • Types of contracts:
    • Fixed-term contracts: limited duration, specifies end date
    • Permanent contracts: no end date, ongoing employment
    • Zero-hours contracts: no guaranteed hours, flexible schedule
  • Key terms:
    • Implied terms: duties, obligations, and rights implied by law (e.g., duty of mutual trust and confidence)
    • Express terms: written or verbal agreements between employer and employee (e.g., job description, salary)

Discrimination Law

  • The Equality Act 2010 protects against discrimination based on:
    • Protected characteristics: age, disability, gender reassignment, marriage and civil partnership, pregnancy and maternity, race, religion or belief, sex, sexual orientation
  • Types of discrimination:
    • Direct discrimination: treating someone less favorably due to a protected characteristic
    • Indirect discrimination: policies or practices that disproportionately affect a group with a protected characteristic
    • Harassment: unwanted conduct related to a protected characteristic

Health And Safety

  • Health and Safety at Work etc. Act 1974:
    • Employers' duties: ensure a safe working environment, provide training, and conduct risk assessments
    • Employees' duties: take reasonable care for their own safety and that of others
  • Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations (RIDDOR) 2013: employers must report certain workplace accidents, diseases, and near-misses

Unfair Dismissal

  • Employment Rights Act 1996: outlines the process for unfair dismissal claims
  • Automatically unfair reasons for dismissal:
    • Pregnancy or maternity
    • Family-related reasons (e.g., parental leave, adoption)
    • Whistleblowing
    • Assertion of statutory rights (e.g., minimum wage, working hours)
  • Fair reasons for dismissal:
    • Conduct (e.g., misconduct, poor performance)
    • Capability (e.g., illness, injury)
    • Redundancy
    • Some other substantial reason

Workers Rights

  • National Minimum Wage Act 1998 ensures a minimum hourly wage for workers
  • Working Time Regulations 1998 stipulates maximum working hours, rest breaks, and holidays
  • Health and Safety at Work etc. Act 1974 requires employers to ensure a safe and healthy work environment
  • Equality Act 2010 protects against discrimination based on protected characteristics (e.g., age, gender, race)

Employment Contracts

  • Fixed-term contracts: limited duration, specifies end date
  • Permanent contracts: no end date, ongoing employment
  • Zero-hours contracts: no guaranteed hours, flexible schedule
  • Implied terms: duties, obligations, and rights implied by law (e.g., duty of mutual trust and confidence)
  • Express terms: written or verbal agreements between employer and employee (e.g., job description, salary)

Discrimination Law

  • Equality Act 2010 protects against discrimination based on:
    • Age
    • Disability
    • Gender reassignment
    • Marriage and civil partnership
    • Pregnancy and maternity
    • Race
    • Religion or belief
    • Sex
    • Sexual orientation
  • Types of discrimination:
    • Direct discrimination: treating someone less favorably due to a protected characteristic
    • Indirect discrimination: policies or practices that disproportionately affect a group with a protected characteristic
    • Harassment: unwanted conduct related to a protected characteristic

Health And Safety

  • Health and Safety at Work etc. Act 1974:
    • Employers' duties: ensure a safe working environment, provide training, and conduct risk assessments
    • Employees' duties: take reasonable care for their own safety and that of others
  • Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations (RIDDOR) 2013:
    • Employers must report certain workplace accidents, diseases, and near-misses

Unfair Dismissal

  • Employment Rights Act 1996: outlines the process for unfair dismissal claims
  • Automatically unfair reasons for dismissal:
    • Pregnancy or maternity
    • Family-related reasons (e.g., parental leave, adoption)
    • Whistleblowing
    • Assertion of statutory rights (e.g., minimum wage, working hours)
  • Fair reasons for dismissal:
    • Conduct (e.g., misconduct, poor performance)
    • Capability (e.g., illness, injury)
    • Redundancy
    • Some other substantial reason

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