Upper Respiratory Infection Treatment Guidelines
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Upper Respiratory Infection Treatment Guidelines

Learn about the main cause of upper respiratory infections, which are mostly viral. Understand the importance of not using antibiotics until 10 days have passed or positive culture results are obtained. Discover how most cases of URI resolve without specific intervention and the recommended symptom-driven treatments.

Created by
@SeasonedSpessartine

Questions and Answers

What is a contraindication for the use of Isoniazid (INH)?

Previous INH-associated hepatitis

Which tuberculosis medication may lead to red-orange–colored body fluids as a side effect?

Rifampin (RIF)

What side effect is NOT associated with Ethambutol (EMB) use?

Hepatotoxicity

What significant interaction can occur when Isoniazid is used concurrently with phenytoin?

<p>Increased serum concentrations of phenytoin</p> Signup and view all the answers

How long does it typically take for Proton Pump Inhibitors to start working when used regularly?

<p>Within 1 to 4 days</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which type of CCB should be avoided in patients with congestive heart failure?

<p>Diltiazem</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a common side effect of Rifampin (RIF) in addition to hepatotoxicity?

<p>GI distress</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the typical duration of treatment with Proton Pump Inhibitors for ulcers?

<p>4 to 12 weeks</p> Signup and view all the answers

What may happen if Antacids are used simultaneously with Ethambutol (EMB)?

<p>Decreased EMB absorption</p> Signup and view all the answers

What should be avoided in patients with left ventricular dysfunction and low ejection fraction?

<p>Verapamil</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the main cause of upper respiratory infections according to the text?

<p>Viral infection</p> Signup and view all the answers

Why are antibiotics not recommended for upper respiratory infections?

<p>Due to minimal reduction in symptoms and greater risk of side effects</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the first-line treatment option recommended in the text for upper respiratory infections?

<p>Analgesics</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following is NOT mentioned as a second-line treatment option in the text for upper respiratory infections?

<p>Antibiotics</p> Signup and view all the answers

Why is saline nasal irrigation recommended as a treatment for upper respiratory infections?

<p>To reduce nasal mucosa swelling and airflow resistance</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following symptoms are analgesics like acetaminophen and NSAIDs used to relieve in upper respiratory infections?

<p>Aches and pains</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the role of products with anesthetics like benzocaine/phenol in treating upper respiratory infections?

<p>To provide pain relief</p> Signup and view all the answers

Why are aromatic oils like menthol, camphor, and eucalyptus mentioned in treating upper respiratory infections?

<p>To increase airflow sensation and relieve pain</p> Signup and view all the answers

How do nasal sprays contribute to the treatment of upper respiratory infections according to the text?

<p>By reducing nasal mucosa swelling and airflow resistance</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the primary characteristic of most upper respiratory infections as stated in the text?

<p>They resolve spontaneously without specific intervention</p> Signup and view all the answers

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