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ANIM42 Final Test

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52 Questions

Which method should be used to check for parasites such as mites, ticks, and lice on an animal's skin?

Using a flea comb

How can the hydration status of an animal be assessed during a physical examination?

Perform a skin tent test

How can the age of an animal be estimated based on a physical examination?

Identifying deciduous teeth or worn adult teeth

What structure covers the iris and pupil of an animal's eye?

Cornea

What is the purpose of checking the nictitating membrane (third eyelid) in cats?

To assess tear production

When evaluating the urogenital system in a male animal, what should be checked?

Swelling or discharge from the penis

How should the proprioception of an animal be evaluated during a neurological examination?

By gently flipping each paw and checking for correction

Which vital sign should be auscultated on both sides of the chest?

Respiration rate

When using a thermometer during a physical examination, what does monitoring an animal's body temperature help determine?

If the animal has a fever or is hypothermic

What does the term 'O.D.' refer to in veterinary medicine?

Right Eye

What does the abbreviation 'I.M.' stand for in the context of veterinary treatments?

Intramuscular

Which abbreviation is associated with administering medication 'by mouth' to animals?

P.O.

What is the primary purpose of a stethoscope in a veterinary physical examination?

To transmit internal sounds like breathing patterns

What is a common cause of ear infections in dogs?

Bacteria and yeast

What is a common symptom of an ear infection in dogs?

Head shaking and scratching

Which type of infection is more commonly seen in puppies and kittens compared to adult dogs?

Ear mite infection

Why is it important to examine a dog's eardrum before administering certain medications?

To prevent potential hearing loss if the eardrum is ruptured

What is the purpose of examining a sample of material from the ear canal under a microscope?

To identify the type of organism causing the infection

What is the primary reason for not putting the tip of the medication bottle into the dog's ear?

To prevent the spread of bacteria or yeast

What is the purpose of massaging the base of the ear below the ear opening after administering the medication?

To allow the medication to coat the entire ear canal

What is the purpose of pulling the ear flap straight up before administering the medication?

To expose the ear canal and straighten it out

What should be done if the inner part of the ear flap is involved in the infection?

Apply the prescribed amount of medication on the infected part of the ear flap

When administering medication to a pet's eye, why is it important to hold the tube about one inch away from the eye?

To avoid accidental injury to the eye if the pet jerks during administration

Why is it advised to gently massage the closed eyelid after administering eye ointment to a pet?

To help distribute the ointment evenly and aid in absorption

In cases where multiple eye medications are prescribed for a pet, why is it crucial to allow 5-15 minutes between applications?

To ensure each medication is absorbed optimally without interference

What is the primary symptom associated with feline viral rhinotracheitis (FVR)?

Sneezing and nasal discharge

Which of the following is a non-core vaccine for dogs?

Bordetella

What is the primary mechanism by which feline leukemia virus (FeLV) affects an infected cat's health?

It attacks the cat's white blood cells, leading to immunosuppression

Which of the following is a common symptom of parvovirus infection in dogs?

Severe diarrhea and dehydration

What is a potential long-term complication of untreated feline viral rhinotracheitis (FVR)?

Corneal edema and uveitis

What is the primary route of transmission for feline leukemia virus (FeLV)?

Through bite wounds and shared food/water dishes

Which of the following is NOT a general technique used to give subcutaneous fluids to a cat?

By directly injecting the fluid into the cat's muscle

What is the most frequent disease for which subcutaneous fluids are given to cats?

Chronic kidney failure

Why is it important to keep the pill tray and splitter clean and disinfected?

To prevent the spread of bacteria and cross-contamination of medications

Flea larvae ingest the eggs of the roundworm to infect dogs and cats while grooming.

False

Most fleas have four life stages: egg, larva, ____, and adult.

pupa

A common Heartworm preventative is:

Interceptor

Roundworm can be transmitted to puppies from their mothers transplacentally.

True

Which of the following ticks is responsible for transmitting Lyme disease to dogs?

Blacklegged tick (deer tick)

What is the name of the bacterium that causes Lyme disease?

Borrelia burgdorferi

Maggie's dose of Metacam is 0.3mg/kg . 5mg/ml is the concentration of Metacam. Maggie's weight is 8lbs. How many mls will she need?

Maggie will need 0.22mls.

Name 3 veins that can be used to collect blood from a cat.

Cephalic, Jugular, Femoral

What does BAR stand for?

Bright Alert Responsive

A medical chart records the dog’s BUA. What do these initials stand for?

Bowel Urine Appetite

Leptospirosis is spread from animal to animal primarily through_________________

Urine

Heartworm disease is transmitted by a______________________

mosquito

List 2 topical flea control products.

Revolution Advantage

What is the normal average temperature of a dog?

37.5-39.4C

What is the normal average heart rate of a cat?

160-220bpm

Name 4 parasites that you may diagnose from a fecal flotation. You may include worms and protozoa.

Roundworm, Hookworm, Tapeworm, Whipworm, Coccidia, Giardia

Name 3 veins that we can use to draw blood from a dog.

Cephalic, Saphenous, Jugular

Mrs. Bean has come to your clinic to pick up her dog’s antibiotics. The vet has prescribed two 500 mg pills BID for 12 days. How many pills would you prepare for this client?

36 pills

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