Understanding the Structure of a Paragraph

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12 Questions

What is the purpose of supporting details in a paragraph?

To provide examples and elaboration on the central idea

What is the central idea of a paragraph?

A group of sentences with one central idea

Which element of narration introduces the characters and setting?


What is the highest point of interest and turning point in a story called?


Which element of narration presents the final resolution of the plot?


What does the term 'point of view' refer to in narration?

The perspective of the writer in narrating the story

Which type of description appeals to emotions and allows the writer to explore ways to describe an event, thing, or person?

Subjective description

What is the purpose of a definition paragraph?

To explain a concept or term by describing its characteristics and giving examples

What is the main purpose of a problem-solution text?

To present a negative situation and provide a positive solution

Which type of definition gives the meaning of an abstract word for a particular time and place?

Operational definition

What is the main difference between denotation and connotation?

Denotation is the exact meaning of a word, while connotation is an associated idea or meaning

Which point of view uses the pronouns he, she, him, and her?

Third person POV

Study Notes

Reading and Writing

  • A paragraph is a collection of related sentences with one central idea, derived from Greek words "para" meaning "beyond or beside" and "graphein" meaning "to write".

Forms or Structure of a Paragraph

  • Topic Sentence: contains the main idea.
  • Supporting Details: give the paragraph life by elaborating on the topic sentence.
  • Clinching Sentence: may be a restatement of the topic sentence, a summary, or a conclusion based on the supporting details, as stated by Dagdag (2010).

Elements of Narration

  • Setting: time and location in which a story takes place.
  • Character: the life-giving element of the story.
  • Plot: the logical series of events in the story, consisting of:
    • Exposition: where the characters and setting are revealed.
    • Rising Action: where events become complicated and conflict is exposed.
    • Climax: the highest point of interest and the turning point of the story.
    • Falling Action: events and complications begin to resolve themselves.
    • Denouement: the final resolution of the plot in the story.
  • Point of View:
    • First Person POV: the story is told by the protagonist or one of the characters using pronouns I, me, we.
    • Second Person POV: the author tells the story using pronouns you, yours, and your.
    • Third Person POV: the narrator is not part of the story, using pronouns he, she, him, and her.


  • Appeals to the reader's senses, providing information about a person, object, place, or situation.
  • Types of description:
    • Objective: relies on physical aspects, appealing to those who crave facts.
    • Subjective: allows the writer to explore ways to describe an emotion, event, thing, place, or person, appealing to emotions.


  • Explains a concept, term, or subject, consisting of:
    1. The term, concept, or subject to be defined.
    2. The general class to which it belongs.
    3. The characteristics that differentiate it from other members of its class.
  • Types of definition:
    • Formal Definition: definitions provided in dictionaries.
    • Operational Definition: gives the meaning of an abstract word for one particular time and place.
    • Synonyms: words that mean the same as another word.
    • Denotation: the exact meaning of the word.
    • Connotation: an idea or meaning suggested by or associated with a word or thing.


  • Involves grouping items into categories to establish a clear distinction.

Comparison and Contrast

  • Involves identifying similarities and differences between two things, ideas, concepts, or persons.

Cause and Effect

  • Presents why something happens, what causes it, what are the effects, and how it is related to something else.

Problem Solution

  • Starts with a negative situation (a problem) and ends with a positive situation (a solution), similar to cause-effect.

Learn about the key components of a paragraph, including the topic sentence, supporting details, and clinching sentence. Explore how these elements work together to convey a central idea effectively.

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