The Science of Saponification Quiz

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10 Questions

What is the chemical representation of a soap molecule?

The chemical representation of a soap molecule is RCOONa, where R = non-ionic hydrocarbon group and −COO−Na+ ionic group.

What is the common name for the alkaline hydrolysis of oils and fats?

The common name for the alkaline hydrolysis of oils and fats is saponification.

What are the products formed when ethanoic acid reacts with a solution of sodium hydroxide?

The products formed when ethanoic acid reacts with a solution of sodium hydroxide are sodium ethanoate and water.

What gas is liberated when ethanoic acid reacts with metals like sodium, zinc, and magnesium?

Hydrogen gas is liberated when ethanoic acid reacts with metals like sodium, zinc, and magnesium.

What gas is evolved when carboxylic acids react with carbonates and bicarbonates?

Carbon dioxide (CO2) gas is evolved when carboxylic acids react with carbonates and bicarbonates.

What does the IUPAC system of nomenclature correlate the name of a compound to?

Its molecular structure

In the IUPAC nomenclature system, what does the root word indicate?

The number of carbon atoms in the basic skeleton

What is the primary suffix for compounds in the IUPAC nomenclature system with single bonds only?

ane

What does the prefix in the IUPAC nomenclature system indicate for organic compounds?

Substituents or functional groups

According to the IUPAC system, what does the name of an organic compound consist of?

A root word, a suffix, and a prefix

Test your knowledge of the chemical process of saponification with this quiz. Explore the formation of soap and glycerol from oils and fats through the reaction with sodium or potassium hydroxide.

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