The One-Child Policy

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5 Questions

What was the purpose of China's one-child policy?

To reduce the population growth rate

What were some of the unintended consequences of China's one-child policy?

A shrinking workforce

Which country is expected to surpass China as the most populous?


What is the current rate of population growth per year, as stated in the text?

88 million

What is the concept of exponential growth as mentioned in the text?

Even a small percentage growth rate can result in a large increase in population

Study Notes

China's One-Child Policy

  • Introduced to control population growth and alleviate social, economic, and environmental problems
  • Implemented in 1979, with the goal of limiting the average family size to one child

Unintended Consequences

  • Led to a significant imbalance in the sex ratio, with a preference for sons
  • Resulted in a rapidly aging population, with a high proportion of elderly citizens
  • Caused a decline in the workforce and a strain on the pension system

Population Growth and Projections

  • India is expected to surpass China as the most populous country
  • The current rate of population growth is 1.09% per year

Exponential Growth

  • Refers to the rapid growth of a population or quantity over time, resulting in an exponential increase
  • Characterized by a slow initial growth rate, followed by a sudden and rapid acceleration

Test your knowledge on China's one-child policy and its impact on population growth. Explore the consequences of the policy, including a shrinking workforce and increasing number of elderly citizens. Discover how this policy has affected China's population compared to India.

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