Factors Leading to the Emergence of Agricultural Societies
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Factors Leading to the Emergence of Agricultural Societies

Learn about the conditions that contributed to the shift from earlier societies to sedentary agriculture in Mesopotamia, Egypt, China, and India. Explore factors such as growing population, invention of the wheel, and the use of plows in cultivation.

Created by
@ImmaculateWilliamsite

Questions and Answers

What was a dominant feature of human society in Aztec agricultural systems?

Villages and cultivated fields

What led to the emergence of the first cities in Aztec agricultural systems?

Increase in food supplies

What did the production of food surpluses allow in agricultural societies?

Social differentiation and economic specialization

Why did women's social status decrease in agricultural societies according to the text?

<p>Farming required less cooperation and sharing than hunting and gathering</p> Signup and view all the answers

What was the major source of wealth in agricultural societies according to the text?

<p>Land</p> Signup and view all the answers

What led to conflicts with other communities as villages expanded into neighboring areas?

<p>Expansion of settlements</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the major basis for subsistence in horticultural societies?

<p>Cultivated plants</p> Signup and view all the answers

Why did horticultural societies need to be mobile?

<p>To follow water supplies or resource-rich lands</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the most important means of social organization in horticultural societies?

<p>Kinship</p> Signup and view all the answers

Why did agricultural societies have a more stable food supply compared to horticultural societies?

<p>Better hunting and gathering technology</p> Signup and view all the answers

What technological development enabled the shift from horticultural to agricultural societies?

<p>The invention of the wheel</p> Signup and view all the answers

What conditions led to the shift from earlier societies to sedentary agriculture?

<p>Growing population needing more food, invention of the plow, and use of animal power</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following were the first domesticated plants in horticultural societies?

<p>Barley and wheat</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which event is often referred to as the 'agricultural revolution' by many historians?

<p>Invention of the plow about 6,000 years ago</p> Signup and view all the answers

What technological advances did agricultural societies use to cultivate crops effectively?

<p>Combining irrigation techniques with the use of the plough</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which invention significantly increased the productivity and crop yield of agricultural societies?

<p>Invention of the calendar</p> Signup and view all the answers

What was NOT a condition that led to the shift from earlier societies to sedentary agriculture?

<p>Introduction of wind power for farming machinery</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which invention enabled both wagons and the manufacture of pottery in early agricultural societies?

<p>The wheel</p> Signup and view all the answers

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