Module 1 (Topic 4)

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What is globalisation?

The increasing worldwide integration of economic, cultural, political, religious and social systems.

What was the early step towards globalisation?

The establishment of colonies by the Portuguese and Spaniards in different parts of the world

What was the attitude towards globalisation in the 1980s?

That it should be embraced

What was the attitude towards globalisation in the 1990s?

That it was a matter of survival of the fittest.

What has globalisation promoted?

Information exchange and understanding of other cultures.

What is one of the negative aspects of economic globalisation?

Global injustice and inequality.

What has globalisation led to in terms of loyalty?

People being more likely to relocate

How have non-governmental organisations tried to engage people in global affairs?

By creating pressure groups.

What is one of the negative changes caused by globalisation?

Increased poverty.

What has globalisation made citizens realise?

That they are helpless in the face of it.

Study Notes

  • Globalisation is the increasing worldwide integration of economic, cultural, political, religious and social systems.
  • Economic globalisation is the process by which businesses or other organizations develop international influence or start operating on an international-wide scale.
  • Globalisation is a reality that for better or for worse, touches our lives in ways most of us never stop to think about.
  • The early steps towards globalisation began in the fifteenth century when the Portuguese and Spaniards started establishing colonies in different parts of the world.
  • This started as global economics and brought about with the annihilation of indigenous cultures- showed who was the most powerful and advanced.
  • In millennia that followed, distance has been largely overcome as national borders have been diminished and individual national markets have fused.
  • In the 1980s, globalisation was seen as an all positive process that all nations should be a part of.
  • In the 1990s, one could see that the situation had come to a state where national economies were faced with the idea of survival of the fittest.
  • Citizens began to realise that globalisation has consumed their lives so much that they no longer have control over it.
  • This resulted in a feeling of helplessness and it demands citizens to be prepared to live in a democratic environment regardless if they live in one or not.
  • The ideas of democracy human rights and press freedom have spread all over the globe.
  • Globalisation has promoted information exchange and lead to a greater understanding of other cultures.
  • Economic globalisation has many positive aspects, but it also has negative aspects. Some of the negative aspects include the fact that it promotes global injustice and inequality.
  • Globalization has led to many changes in the world, some of which are positive and some of which are negative.
  • One of the negative changes is that many people are struggling to meet basic needs, such as food and shelter.
  • Poverty is still a problem, and will not be eradicated anytime soon.
  • The freedoms of globalisation and free trade have led to increased insecurity in workplaces.
  • There has been a rise in anti-democratic movements around the world, and this is causing many people to become apathetic.
  • Social media has created a number of problems, such as the spread of fake news and hysteria.
  • It is very difficult to make people more interested in global concerns even when these have local effects.
  • Non-governmental organisations try to create pressure groups to engage people in global affairs, but this is often met with apathy.
  • Loyalty towards one's country has decreased, and people are more likely to relocate than ever before.

Globalisation is the increasing worldwide integration of economic, cultural, political, religious and social systems. Economic globalisation is the process by which businesses or other organizations develop international influence or start operating on an international-wide scale. Globalisation is a reality that for better or for worse, touches our lives in ways most of us never stop to think about. The early steps towards globalisation began in the fifteenth century when the Portuguese and Spaniards started establishing colonies in different parts of the world.

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